Different Races of People Have Different Levels of Intelligence' Critically Discuss This Claim, Considering the Arguments for Both Sides.

Topics: Intelligence, Intelligence quotient, Richard Lynn Pages: 4 (1317 words) Published: June 6, 2007
Race and intelligence is a controversial area of intelligence research studying the nature, origins, and practical consequences of racial and ethnic group differences in intelligence test scores and other measures of cognitive ability. It has been suggested that people of various races do have different levels of intelligence, however the controversy of establishing what exactly makes a person ‘intelligent' is the basis for argument. Intelligence is defined as the capacity for learning, reasoning, understanding, and similar forms of mental activity; aptitude in grasping truths, relationships, facts, meanings, etc. (Dockrell, 1970) says "intelligence may be taken to mean ability – what a person can do at this moment." Due to the complex nature of intelligence it has become increasingly more difficult to standardise a test, which universally tests any persons intelligence. It is the social, cultural, economic and environmental factors that appear to determine a person's intelligence rather then a test. Currently it is generally accepted in most western countries that the IQ test is a direct basis for determining intelligence however it does not measure all the different aspects, which should be taken into consideration when a persons intelligence is being gauged. IQ" stands for "intelligence quotient." A person's IQ is supposed to be a measure of that person's intelligence: the higher the IQ number, the greater the intelligence. This is inaccurate, however, since it assumes that there is only one kind of intelligence. Most people recognize that there are some people with fantastic memories, some with mathematical minds, some with musical genius, some with mechanical expertise, some with good vocabularies. Some people naturally excel at more than one of these behaviours. It would be more accurate to speak of human intelligences than of intelligence. An IQ test, therefore, should be considered a measure of some kinds of intelligence, but not all. The most accurate...
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