Different Development Approaches

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Among the different development approaches presented and reviewed by this writer - learning process approach, sustainable livelihood approach, solidarity economy, and building natural assets, his interest draw much to the sustainable livelihood and the natural assets approaches, though all of these approaches as they are interconnected with each other. One may not be successful in the operation without the other system or approaches. In the study conducted by David C. Korten entitled Community Organization and
Rural Development: A Learning Process Approach that offered basis that Third World development assistance must be anchored in a holistic, learning process rather than the celebrated blueprint design. While the study involved five cases that carried success stories of community organization and rural development in the provision and application of different assistance programs, such development were not brought about by related role of the blueprint approach in attaining such success.
Another approach of great importance is the solidarity economy approach. This approach lives with the focus on life-values instead of the deep-rooted profit-values.
Quinones in his paper entitled “Bayanihan for Solidarity Economy,” clearly defined solidarity economy as a socio-economic order and new way of life that deliberately chooses serving the needs of people and ecological sustainability as the goal of economic activity rather than maximization of profits under the unfettered rule of the market. It places economic and technological development at the service of social and human development rather than the pursuit of narrow, individual self-interest.

Meanwhile, the sustainable livelihood approach deals with people and the recognition of people as the core of rural development. The sustainable livelihood framework presented by the Department for International Development (DFID) depicted human capital, aside from other development keys, as the apex



References: Boyce, James K. and Pastor, Manuel, (2001). Building natural assets. New Strategies for Poverty Reduction and Environmental Protection Israel, Danilo C., (December 2001). Review of methods for assessing communitybased coastal resources management in the Philippines. Discussion Paper Series No. Korten, David C., (1980). Community organization and rural development: a learning process approach Quinones, Benjamin Jr., (2008). Bayanihan for solidarity economy, paper presented during the 2nd Asia Pacific Congress of Cooperatives held at the University of the Philippines School of Labor and Industrial Relations, May 15-16, 2008 on the theme Towards Building a Solidarity Economy - Revisioning Globalization from the

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