top-rated free essay

Differences between Russian and English languages

By Galina19703 Nov 15, 2013 736 Words
Differences between Russian and English Languages
People who are beginning to learn English, many of the features of English language can seem incomprehensible and totally redundant. For example, students can ask a legitimate question: why we should learn 12 tenses, when Russian we learn three. Also they don’t understand, why they use articles, if everything is clear without them in Russian. The best way to get a start in learning a language this is to understand, how it compares and contrasts to own language. The Russian is part of the Slavonic branch of the Indo-European languages, while English is a Romanic language. While English share a lot in common with languages like Spanish and Italian, Russian is a lot closer to other Slav languages like Polish and Czech. Therefore Russian uses the Cyrillic alphabet, though some letters from which share similarities with the Latin alphabet used in English. Besides the phonological systems of Russian and English are very different. It’s why you rarely see Russians (even those who lived in the States for a long time) talk like native English speakers. Why is that? Because Russian only has five vowel sounds, while English has 12. In Russian, there’s also no distinction between short and long vowels; in English, there are five long and seven short vowel sounds, along with eight diphthongs. Consonants in Russian and English are roughly the same amount. Their sounds, however, are not fully compatible. The biggest grammar difference between Russian and English is the usage of the verb system in different ways. In Russian, usage is based on aspect, where actions are either completed or not completed. Aspect is shown by appending affixes to the root verb. In English, we have progressive and perfect verb tenses through the extensive use of auxiliary verbs. This difference in the grammatical systems of the Russian and English can result unconscious mistakes. Practice shows that the most common mistake, which beginners make, are using of the auxiliary verb (to be/ do/does/did etc.), these are their complete fail. Because in Russian we use only intonation for the questions, in English we have to use the additional resourses. For example, “Where you parents live”, say 99 out of 100 beginners of learning English instead of “Where do your parents live? Gender is another potential sticking point. In Russian, all nouns are either one of three genders. The last big difference is the lack of articles in Russian. So, Russian language is a synthetic, having a complex grammatical system. Values are expressed in forms of the words themselves through declensional and generic endings, consoles, etc. English language is analytical, in which grammatical meaning is transmitted with the help of auxiliary words and their order in the sentence. The following important difference Russian is a large number of impersonal, passive and return structures. These are the samples of such sentences like "вечерело"; “меня продуло”. Let’s translate these sentences. First sentence is "It's getting late", second sentence is "I got cold", where it is necessary to present the subject and the action. In addition, the Russian presents a large number of negative constructions, for example: “Я не мог сказать ему об этом” (the metaphrase is "I couldn't tell him about this") or “Не знаете ли вы, который час” (the metaphrase is "Don’t you know what time is it?" ). In English they will be translated in the affirmative sentences: "I had to tell him about that" and "Do you know what time is it?". Important difference is the fact that it is considered good etiquette to communicate clearly and concisely in English and try to avoid different "adornment" and "florid ". As a rule Russian sentences are by 30-40% longer than English. The crucial distinguishing feature of English is the strict and fixed order of the words in sentences. This is the structure of the subject-predicate (action)-object. In general it may be noted that Russian is much more straightforward language than English. Modality of statement prevails, it means, Russian are much more harsh in their judgments than the British or Americans. That’s why in English it is so important to use constructions with expressing uncertainty, different degrees of probability. Often they are used modal verbs: seems to, would think (I would think) and so on. I described important differences Russian and English languages for beginners of learning English. It is most importantly, students should know, that English is not so difficult, when we study a lot.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • The Differences and Similarities Between English and Dutch Language

    ...The differences and similarities between English and Dutch language History: The Dutch language is considered to have originated in about AD 700 from the various Germanic dialects spoken in the Netherlands region, mostly of (Low) Frankian origin. A process of standardization started in the Middle Ages. Dutch is part of the Germanic branch ...

    Read More
  • English Language for Dummies

    ...English grammar has minimal inflection compared with most other Indo-European languages. For example, Modern English, unlike Modern German or Dutch and the Romance languages, lacks grammatical gender and adjectival agreement. Case marking has almost disappeared from the language and mainly survives in pronouns. The patterning of strong (e.g. spe...

    Read More
  • Difference Between Language And Language

    ...Language is an important aspect in human life. It is a means of communication the person to the others. The people need language to looking for and give people benefit information. People need language as a communication to express their feeling, though and desire. Language has two major purposes for us that are as an instrument of communication...

    Read More
  • Difference Between Hindi And English

    ...do Bollywood movies mix Hindi and English’ is a question that I have been asked by my foreigner friends over and over again. It comes to them as a surprise when I reply. ‘It is the normal way people talk in India’. Today, English is widely acknowledged as being the ‘lingua franca’ of the modern world. This phrase refers to the adoptio...

    Read More
  • Difference between English and Singlish

    ...Varieties of English, such as Singlish, have an important role to play in contemporary society. Discuss. Different varieties of English, such as the interesting variety used in Singapore, known as ‘Singlish’, have an important role to play in our modern society. Singlish in particular serves as a unifying tongue between the diverse cultures...

    Read More
  • Differences Between Mandarin and English

    ...Differences between Mandarin and English Mandarin, known by many for being one of the most difficult languages in the world, is my mother language. Born in China eighteen years ago, I was raised in a Mandarin-speaking environment. Both of my parents have been speaking to me in Mandarin ever since I was a child. Mandarin is the language I usua...

    Read More
  • English Language 2014 QP

    ...Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge International General Certificate of Secondary Education * 2 2 8 6 1 4 1 6 9 9 * FIRST LANGUAGE ENGLISH Paper 2 Reading Passages (Extended) 0500/22 May/June 2014 2 hours Candidates answer on the Question Paper. READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST Write your Centre number, candidate number and name in ...

    Read More
  • difference between highschool and college

    ...kindergarten to graduating college all have the same mind set of loving to teach and educating their students. Most students would say they have yet to meet a teacher who has not wanted to help them succeed in the race to graduation. Although most teachers no matter if they are teaching in a college or high school setting wants to help their s...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.