Differences Between Dual and Cooperative Federalism

Topics: United States Constitution, Sovereign state, Political philosophy Pages: 2 (522 words) Published: March 4, 2012
Differences between Dual and Cooperative Federalism

Differences between Dual and Cooperative Federalism

Federalism is a governmental system in which authority is divided between two sovereign levels of government: national and regional. This notion of federalism was the founding fathers’ solution to the difficulty of creating a nation out of thirteen sovereign states. For instance, the United States government and Ohio government share powers, such as creating and collecting taxes, but others belong solely to one. Dual federalism is a doctrine based on the idea that a precise separation of national power and state power is both possible and desirable. This is commonly known as "layer cake" federalism. Dual federalism can be defined by three main parts: I.The national government can regulate solely by the enumerated powers, powers explicitly enumerated by the Constitution. II.The national government has a constrained set of dedications. III.Each lawmaking unit is sovereign.

It contends that powers not allotted to the national government are solely for the states and the people, and asserts that the elastic clause is inflexible. Also, the Tenth Amendment reserves, for states, powers not allocated to the national government or denied to the states via the Constitution. Cooperative federalism, or "marble cake" federalism, is the situation in which the national, state, and local governments work together to solve problems. They could also share expenses, administration, and even liability for programs. Cooperative federalism can be well-defined by three components: I.National and state agencies assume government functions supportively rather than solely. II.The nation and states characteristically share authority. III.Authority is not concentrated at any government level. This partition of responsibilities gives voters access to many localities of power. It rejects the idea that governments must exist separately, and limits the Tenth Amendment. It also...
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