Civil Law is the cases that are not as serious but they can effect still affect someone’s life. The people in court are called the claimant and the defendant as they have not actually committed a crime. Some examples of civil law are: Landlord disputes, divorces child custody, personal injury, car crashes. Criminal law is the cases that are the people who are going against the law for example stealing someone’s property. Although they may actually effect a small amount of people in the eyes of the law the person who the commits crime that they have committed against the state as well as the actual victims. Some examples of criminal law are: Theft, drug dealing, speeding and lots of others. In criminal law are the laws that are trying to stop people from people from doing wrong for example recklessly driving and speeding. Whereas civil law is trying to stop arguments between people, organisations and businesses but no laws have been broken. Also in criminal law the standard of proof is that the person must be guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. This means that the jury or the judge must be over 100% sure that, that person is guilty. However in criminal law the judge or sometimes the jury has to only be sure that that person is to blame on the balance of proability.This means that they only need to be over 50% sure that that person is to blame. Another difference between criminal and civil law is that they can appeal the judge’s decision. In civil law either of the parties the claimant or defendant has the right to appeal the court’s decision however only the defendant has the right to appeal or the prosecution is not.
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