Differences between civil and criminal law

Good Essays
Topics: Law
Civil Law is the cases that are not as serious but they can effect still affect someone’s life. The people in court are called the claimant and the defendant as they have not actually committed a crime. Some examples of civil law are: Landlord disputes, divorces child custody, personal injury, car crashes.
Criminal law is the cases that are the people who are going against the law for example stealing someone’s property. Although they may actually effect a small amount of people in the eyes of the law the person who the commits crime that they have committed against the state as well as the actual victims. Some examples of criminal law are: Theft, drug dealing, speeding and lots of others.
In criminal law are the laws that are trying to stop people from people from doing wrong for example recklessly driving and speeding. Whereas civil law is trying to stop arguments between people, organisations and businesses but no laws have been broken.
Also in criminal law the standard of proof is that the person must be guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. This means that the jury or the judge must be over 100% sure that, that person is guilty. However in criminal law the judge or sometimes the jury has to only be sure that that person is to blame on the balance of proability.This means that they only need to be over 50% sure that that person is to blame.
Another difference between criminal and civil law is that they can appeal the judge’s decision. In civil law either of the parties the claimant or defendant has the right to appeal the court’s decision however only the defendant has the right to appeal or the prosecution is not.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Better Essays

    UNIT 8 – DIFFERENCES BETWEEN CIVIL AND CRIMINAL LAW [Your Name] [Professor Name] [Course Number & Course Name] [University/ College Name] Good day readers. Thru this essay, I will try to explain and point out the differences between Civil and Criminal Cases. The legal system used in the United States is based on common law and is divided into criminal law and civil law. The Civil law and Criminal law are two broad and separate entities of law with separate sets of laws and punishments…

    • 1145 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    assignment will consider the differences in Civil and Criminal law. It will explain the roles of solicitors, Barristers, Judges and Magistrates. It will also critically look at the features of the European Court of Human Rights 4Civil law is a private law.it settles matters between two individuals and organisations. It still has the roman standard in many countries because it was originated from the Roman law. The end result is mostly damages in civil law. Example of civil cases includes Donoghue v…

    • 556 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Introduction Law covers a huge amount of different areas and for this reason it is split into two main categories – Criminal and Civil which is also known as Private Law. Each of these areas covers different aspects of the law. Civil law is generally a dispute between individuals whereas Criminal law states what behaviour is acceptable or unacceptable as the case may be. By highlighting the main differences between the two categories, we can build up a clear picture of the way law works. Criminal law is made…

    • 1366 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Civil and Criminal Actions 1 The Differences Between Civil and Criminal Actions Civil and Criminal Actions 2 Abstract Civil actions protect individuals rather than the public. Civil actions protect the people, the injury in civil actions is primarily towards the individual, causing no harm to society. While criminal actions prohibits conduct that causes or threatens the public interest, defines and warns people of the acts that are subject to criminal…

    • 1028 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Difference Between Criminal and Civil Cases PA101: The Paralegal Professional Unit 8 Dianna Marsh 11/13/2012 In today 's society there are rules and regulations in place that determine how citizens are to behave. When these rules are not upheld, a need to resolve or punish the offending parties exist. Whether the offense is criminal or civil, the case is settled in a court of law. Although there are similarities between civil and criminal cases, there are many differences in the way…

    • 508 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Student Handout 3.1 - The Difference Between Civil Law and Criminal Law When is a legal problem criminal and when is it civil? What difference does it make whether it is criminal or civil? One way of looking at criminal law is that it is dealing with something of public interest. For example, the public has an interest in seeing that people are protected from being robbed or assaulted. These are legal problems that fall into the criminal law. Criminal law involves punishing and rehabilitating…

    • 634 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Civil and Criminal Law

    • 420 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Civil law and criminal law are two broad and separate entities of law with separate sets of laws and punishments. According to William Geldart, Introduction to English Law 146 (D.C.M. Yardley ed., 9th ed. 1984), "The difference between civil law and criminal law turns on the difference between two different objects which law seeks to pursue - redress or punishment. The object of civil law is the redress of wrongs by compelling compensation or restitution: the wrongdoer is not punished; he only…

    • 420 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Civil and Criminal Law

    • 679 Words
    • 3 Pages

    the Issue of Downloading Reference to Concept in Reading Civil Law & Criminal Law Downloading music illegally can be brought under the envelope of either the civil law or the criminal law. The individual(s) or the entity(ies) that own the property(music) can file a civil lawsuit against the website that offers music for downloading. In other case a criminal case can be brought against those who download and use the music. “Civil cases may include suits for breach of contract or tort cases…

    • 679 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Differentiate between litigation involving civil and criminal litigation Criminal law- involves an offense where the entire community is harmed and the remedy is a fine or imprisonment for the offender. The responsibility of pursuing a violation of criminal law rests with the state. Where as, civil law does not directly harm a community and the remedy for a violation of civil law is to sue the violator and order the violator to pay damages. A person may be charged criminally and sued civilly. Civil law- the…

    • 488 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Civil Litigation vs. Criminal Litigation If somebody commits a crime or does wrong doing to another what category does it fit under? Is it civil case or a criminal case? Although there are many similarities between civil litigation procedures and criminal litigation procedures, several differences exist among them. The first difference among the two procedures is what even defines them. A civil case involves a wrong doing between two private parties in which the victim is suing for damages or…

    • 844 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays