: Linux and Unix
Unix is popular operating system, developed by AT&T in 1969 and it has been very important to the development of the Internet. It is a multi-processing, multi-user, family of operating systems that run on a variety of architechtures. UNIX allows more than one user to access a computer system at the same time. A widely used Open Source Unix-like operating system kernel. Linux was first released by its inventor Linus Torvalds in 1991. Combining the Linux kernel with the GNU software forms the basis of the operating system family generally known as 'Linux'. There are distributions of GNU/Linux for almost every available type of computer hardware from desktop machines to IBM mainframes. The inner workings of GNU/Linux are open and available for anyone to examine and change as long as they make their changes available to the public, as set out in the terms of the GNU General Public License. Because of its robustness and availability, Linux has won popularity in the Open Source community as well as among commercial application developers. Here is more input:
Unix requires a more powerful hardware configuration. It will work in large mainframe computers but will not work in an x86 based personal computer. Linux however, (which is built on the concept of Unix) has small hardware requirements and it will work on both a large mainframe computer and an x86 based personal computer. •
Unix is an Operating System developed in olden days in which the kernel, the heart of the OS, interacts directly with the hardware. (note: this is the definition of what a kernel is). Because UNIX treats everything as a file, it provides greater security for users. An example of a UNIX distribution is posix. (note: actually POSIX is a set of standards for interoperability of applications between UNIX and UNIX-like systems). Linux uses a the UNIX architecture as its basis and provides more facilities and applications. Linux could be considered to be a GUI to the UNIX...
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