Difference between Emotional Intelligence and IQ

Pages: 5 (1550 words) Published: February 24, 2014
Difference Between Emotional Intelligence And Iq Psychology Essay Intelligence is a term that is difficult to define, and it can mean many different things to different people. Intelligence is often defined as the general mental ability to learn and apply knowledge to manipulate your environment, as well as the ability to reason and have abstract thought. In education, Intelligence is defined as the ability to learn or understand or to deal with new or challenging situations. In psychology, it is the ability to apply knowledge to manipulate one's environment or to think abstractly as measured by objective criteria; for example IQ test. It is thought from deriving a combination of inherited characteristics and environmental such as developmental and social factors. General intelligence is often said to comprise various specific abilities like verbal ability, ability to apply logic in solving problems. There are two types of intelligence: emotional and intelligence quotient. Emotional intelligence is defined as ability or capacity to perceive, assess, and manage the emotions of one's self, and of others.  Intelligence quotient is the score of an intelligence test that is a number derived from standardized psychological tests of an individual’s capacity to learn. Emotional intelligence is one of the best predictors of success. In fact, many studies show that emotional intelligence is a better indicator to success than a higher IQ (intelligence quotient). There are several reasons. But the main reason why emotional intelligence is a better indicator is because it shows how much a person can manage and change his daily actions in everyday life. IQ tests don't test that, they just test how fast you can solve a problem on paper. EQ can measure how a person will cope in a real life situation. Another big difference between emotional intelligence (EQ) and IQ is that it measures how you manage and react with other people. To lead or create a successful business, you need to be able to have effective and efficient workers to do your work. To do this effectively, you have to get people working together harmoniously and this requires you to manage many people's emotions. A high emotional intelligent person can manage this efficiently compared to a low EQ person. IQ test cannot test this. Also, people who can manage other people's emotions well, they generally have better relationships socially and romantically. People who have high IQ's tend to be anti-social or socially abnormal. People with high emotional intelligence tend to be more socially accepted and more accepted in society. EQ is better than higher IQ. Just because you have a low IQ, doesn't mean that you are not smarter. Another component determining EQ is empathy, which is the capability to share and understand another's emotion and feelings. If we say that someone cannot relate to other people , it simply means that the person has never been in such condition and has never experienced such feelings, hence difficult for him to show empathy towards the person who has actually gone through those experiences and feelings. IQ is a number that signifies the relative intelligence of a person; the ratio multiplied by 100 of the mental age as reported on a standardized test to the chronological age. IQ is primarily used to measure one's cognitive abilities, such as the ability to learn or understand new situations; how to reason through a given problem/scenario; the ability to apply knowledge to one's current situations. It involves primarily the neo cortex or top portion of the brain. Over 140 - Genius or almost genius

120 - 140 - Very superior intelligence (Gifted)
110 - 119 - Superior intelligence
90 - 109 - Average or normal intelligence
80 - 89 - Dullness
70 - 79 - Borderline deficiency in intelligence
Under 70 - Feeble-mindedness
Intelligence Quotient or IQ is a number or a count of the intelligence of a person. In a standard IQ test, a person’s quotient of intelligence...
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