Difco Manual

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Difco & BBL Manual
Manual of Microbiological Culture Media Second Edition

Editors Mary Jo Zimbro, B.S., MT (ASCP) David A. Power, Ph.D. Sharon M. Miller, B.S., MT (ASCP) George E. Wilson, MBA, B.S., MT (ASCP) Julie A. Johnson, B.A. BD Diagnostics – Diagnostic Systems 7 Loveton Circle Sparks, MD 21152

Copyright 2009 Becton, Dickinson and Company 7 Loveton Circle P.O. Box 999 Sparks, Maryland 21152

ISBN 0-9727207-1-5 All rights reserved Printed in the United States of America

AOAC is a trademark and Performance Tested Methods is a service mark of AOAC International. ATCC is a trademark of the American Type Culture Collection. CHROMagar is a trademark of Dr. A. Rambach. Bacto, BiTek and Difco are trademarks of Difco Laboratories, Inc., subsidiary of Becton, Dickinson and Company. Unless otherwise noted, BD, BD Logo and all other trademarks are property of Becton, Dickinson and Company. 2009 BD.

Table of Contents

Contents
Preface ...............................................................................................................................................................v About This Manual ...........................................................................................................................................vii History of BD Diagnostics .................................................................................................................................ix Section I: Monographs .......................................................................................................................................1 History of Microbiology and Culture Media ...................................................................................................3 Microorganism Growth Requirements .............................................................................................................4 Functional Types of Culture Media



References: 1. Naegeli. 1880. Sitz’ber, math-physik. Klasse Akad. Wiss. Muenchen 10:277. 2. Bridson and Brecker. 1970. In Norris and Ribbons (ed.), Methods in microbiology, vol. 3A. Academic Press, New York, N.Y. 3. Dixon and Webb. 1979. Enzymes, 3rd ed. Longman Group Limited, London, England. 4. Cowan. 1991. In Moses and Cape (ed.), Biotechnology, the science and the business. Harwood Academic Publishers GmbH, Chur, Switzerland. 5. Huffman and Harper. 1999. J. Dairy Sci. 82:2238. 6. Haurowitz. 1963. The chemistry and function of proteins, 2nd ed., Academic Press, New York. 7. Dziuba, Babuchowski, Smoczynski and Smietana. 1999. Int. Dairy J. 9:287. 8. Kunitz. 1945. Science. 101:668-9. 9. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Human Nutrition Service. 1986. Agriculture handbook, No. 8-16, revised. USDA, Washington, D.C. 10. United States Pharmacopeial Convention, Inc. 2008. The United States pharmacopeia 31/The national formulary 26, Supp. 1, 8-1-08, online. United States Pharmacopeial Convention, Inc., Rockville, Md. 11. Yeast Extracts: Production, properties and components. 13 Dec. 2002. . Bacto Proteose Peptone, BiTek Proteose Peptone, Bacto Proteose Peptone No. 2, Bacto Proteose Peptone No. 3 and Bacto Proteose Peptone No. 4 are enzymatic digests of protein. Bacto Proteose Peptone, BiTek Proteose Peptone, Bacto Proteose Peptone No. 2 and Bacto Proteose Peptone No. 4 are used in preparing microbiological culture media and in producing bacterial toxins. Bacto Proteose Peptone No. 3 is used to culture 1 Media Sterilization 12. Reed and Nagodawithana. Yeast technology, 2nd ed. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, N.Y. 13. Jerums and Yang. 2005. Bioproc. Int. 3:38-44. 14. Burteau, Verhoeye, Mols, Ballez, Agathos, and Schneider. 2003. In Vitro Cell Dev. Biol. Anim. 39:291-296. 16. Heidemann, Zhang, Qi, Rule, Rozales, Park, Chuppa, Raq, Michaels, Konstantinov, and Naveh. 2000. Cytotechnology. 32:157-167. 17. Kuchibhatla, Hunt, Holdread, and Brooks. 2004. Presented at IBC. Sept. 2004. 18. Demain and Solomon. 1986. Manual of industrial microbiology and biotechnology. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C. 19. Flickinger and Drew (ed.). 1999. Encyclopedia of bioprocess technology, fermentation, biocatalysis and bioseparation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York, N.Y. 20. Sommer. 1996. 9th International Symposium on Yeasts, Sydney, Australia. . 21. Nolan and Nolan. 1972. Appl. Microbiol. 24:290. 22. How malt is made. Briess Malting Company. 2 Dec 2002.

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