Die Parallele Zwischen Werther und die Natur in Goethes "Die Leiden des Jungen Werthers"

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Johann Wolfgang Goethe hat seinen Roman, "Die Leiden des Jungen Werther" im Jahre 1774 geschrieben. Die Zeit, in der Roman geschrieben wurde, wird "Sturm und Drang" genannt. Diese literarische Bewegung betont Gefühle, die Natur, und das Ich. Dieses Buch gibt uns Einblick in die Gefühle und die Einstellungen von Werther durch seine Briefe an Wilhelm. Werthers veränderliche Einstellungen zur Natur reflektieren seine emotionelle Kondition. Manchmal ist die Natur eine Quelle von Freude, Frieden und Entspannung. Aber auch ist die Natur eine Quelle von Qual und Hass. Chengxi Tang schreibt, "Werther's writing has an explicitly self-reflexive character" (Tang 107). Deshalb gibt es in diesem Roman enge Parallele zwischen Werthers emotionelle Kondition und seine Einstellung zur Natur.

Um diese Thema zu analysieren, muß man ein bißchen von Werthers Persönlichkeit sagen. Werther kam aus einem kleinen Ort und wohnte mit seiner Mutter (sein Vater ist tot). Werther findet das Stadtleben untragbar. Werther bevorzugt natürliche Dinge, anstatt der Dinge, die von der Gesellschaft verdorben worden sind. Er ermutigt Imagination, und oft denke ich, daß er ein Einzelgänger ist. Werther ist ein empfindlicher junger Mann, der von seinem Herzen geführt wird, anstatt von seiner vernünftigen Beurteilung.

"As to Werther, he does not observe religious commandments, rejects, mocks or ignores social norms, and pokes fun or gets angry at rules developed by aesthetics and grammar. He chafes at externally imposed limits and controls and only follows the dictates or inspirations of his "heart" (Feuerlicht 478).

Seine Stimmungen kontrollieren ihn, und man sieht, daß die Natur ein Element ist, das wirkt, wie er fühlt. Werther ist der Ausdruck vom "Sturm und Drang".

Nach dem Tod seiner Freundin Leonore schickt seine Mutter ihn weg, um eine Rechtssache zu behandeln. Als er in den neuen Ort ankommt, ist er bedrückt. Der Ort hilft ihm nicht, aus seiner Depression zu bringen. Er findet soziale

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