top-rated free essay

What did Louis XIV hope to accomplish in his domestic and foreign policies?

By lovinemi7 Sep 12, 2005 407 Words
Louis XIV strove vigorously for supremacy in foreign affairs. He was to use his foreign policy to establish a universal monarchy for himself or alternatively to use it to secure natural frontiers for France thus improving its defenses. He worked successfully to create an absolutist and centralized state. During his reign Louis was involved in four major wars, some of which Louis may be accountable as the provocateur; however, I believe that mainly his motives were purely defensive. The war of Devolution served as a pretext which nettled him part of Flanders, although the Dutch then moved against him with the Triple Alliance. Louis was determined to crush Holland and this began the third of the Dutch wars, which depleted his treasury. Louis proved an incredibly extravagant spender, dispensing huge sums of money to finance the royal court. The following ten years the king limited his policies to diplomacy. Louis continued the nobility's exemption from taxes but forced its member into financial dependence to the crown and the provincial nobles also lost political power. Louis does have a genuine concern for his country and despite his dubious methods he does manage to secure the territories that he wishes to secure. He curtailed local authorities and created specialized ministries. Louis's grandson retained the Spanish throne but the war of Spanish Succession left France in great debt and a weakened military. Louis used the bourgeoisie to build his centralized bureaucracy. He illustrated new administrative methods to make him more in control. Louis's general Colbert worked to improve the French economy. Colbert worked to create a favorable balance of trade and increase France's colonial holdings. He achieved a reputation for his work of improving the state of French manufacturing and bringing the economy back from the brink of bankruptcy. He reduced the national debt through more efficient taxation. His principal taxation devices included the aides, the douanes, the gabelle, and the taille. Louis spent so much money on luxury and wars; France actually became increasingly impoverished. The aggressive and opportunistic implementation of Louis's policies understandably persuaded those threatened by it that the king's intention was expansionist and his intentions unlimited. There had been acts of gratuitous violence as well which underlined the arrogance and ruthlessness of French conduct. In conclusion it seems that by the end of his reign the wars had placed him in a strong and secure position in Europe yet his intention was not entirely for glory.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • What did Louis XIV hope to accomplish in his domestic and foreign policies? To what Extent did he succeed? Be specific in giving examples of his successes and failures

    ...Louis XIV was an absolute monarch. He was often called "the Sun King," and ruled over France. He wanted to help France achieve economic, political, and cultural pinnacle. Many historians believe the phrase "absolute power corrupts absolutely" mirrors Louis XIV's reign. Louis XIV revoked the Edict on Nantes, changing the economy of France in one ...

    Read More
  • Louis Xiv Foreign Policy

    ...‘Louis XIV’s foreign policy was entirely driven by his personal quest for gloire’. To what extent do you consider this statement to be true? Upon the coronation of Louis XIV on the 7th of June 1654, Mazarin informed Louis in fatherly tones that “It is up to you to become the most glorious king that has ever been”. Although Louis’ pe...

    Read More
  • Louis XIV

    ...the mid 16th century and 17th centuries, two tremendous rulers emerged in France. During the age of rule under both Henry IV and Louis XIV, France obtained an absolutist government, which the majority of citizens supported. Henry IV was more so a compromiser compared to Louis XIV who was at war the majority of his reign. King Henry IV clashes wi...

    Read More
  • Louis XIV

    ...November 2014  Louis XIV Louis XIV (1638-1718), known as the Sun King, lasted for 72 years, longer than that of any monarch of a major European history. In that time, he transformed the monarchy, also introduced a golden age of art and literature. He established his country as the dominant European power as well. During the final decades of...

    Read More
  • Louis XIV

    ...Louis XIV An absolute monarch is a ruler who governs alone and is not restrained by laws, or a constitution. Absolutism is the belief that one ruler should hold power within a country. This could be caused by war , religious conflicts, or simply people wanting stronger leaders or protection of some sort. This lead to limited spread of ide...

    Read More
  • Louis XIV And His Contributions

    ...Response paper 2 Louis XIV I read many fascinating things in chapter 21. During the times between 1550 and 1750, absolutism spread across Europe and Asia. Even in the Muslim world, people were claiming their power was from god directly. France was ruled by the great King Louis XIV, who referred to himself as "le roi soleil" meaning the...

    Read More
  • Foreign/Domestic Policy

    ...key to our foreign policy negotiations, aiding in our nations leadership over the world. This defeat and new era caused our domestic and social society within America into a state of confusion and caused Americans to question what role they would play in this new society. "Not only did the Cold War define America's stance in the world, dictating...

    Read More
  • Louis Xiv: the Sun King

    ...Louis XIV: The Sun King “I am the state.” This quote refers to why Louis XIV was called The Sun King. Louis took the sun as the symbol of his power. He stated, “Since the sun stands at the center of the solar system, The Sun King stands at the center of the nation.” Louis XIV ruled France from 1643-1715 and was known as one of the most...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.