20001549402000200660Dissociative Identity Disorder
6900096000Dissociative Identity Disorder
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2420096000[Type the document subtitle]
Dissociative Identity Disorder
Dissociative Identity Disorder (originally known as multiple personality disorder or DID) is a mental disorder on the dissociative spectrum characterized by at least two distinct and relatively enduring identities or dissociated personality states that alternately control a person’s behavior, and is accompanied by memory impairment for important information not explained by ordinary forgetfulness ("Dissociative identity disorder - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia," n.d.). DID is also a relatively customary disorder, especially in clinical populations. Johnson and colleagues has found the predominance to be 1.5% in a population of 658 adults in a community-based longitudinal study (Johnson, Cohen, Kasen, & Brook, 2006). DID is considered an under-researched entity and there aren’t any clinical trials employing manual-based therapies and validated out-come measures (Chleboski; Gregory, 2012). However, it is generally accepted that this mental disorder results from extreme and repeated trauma that occurs during important periods of development during childhood. The trauma can involve severe emotional, physical or sexual abuse, but also might be linked to a natural disaster or war. Also an important loss of a parent or parental figure, can also be a factor in the development of DID. In order to function properly after extreme stress, the person separates the thoughts, feelings and memories associated with traumatic experience from their usual level of conscious awareness. It is also suggested that DID can be hereditary (Dissociative identity disorder, n.d). Female patients account for 90 percent of reported multiple personality cases and researchers note that women tend to display far more distinct personalities than males,...
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