Diabetes Risk Factors

Topics: Obesity, Diabetes mellitus, Insulin Pages: 2 (541 words) Published: June 24, 2013
Diabetes is one of the most common diseases amongst Americans. It has slowly become one of the top killers in this country. More than 10 million Americans have been diagnosed with diabetes but approximately 5.4 million Americans also have diabetes and have not been diagnosed yet. Diabetes is a chronic disease and the primary problems of this disease are a lack of insulin being made by the pancreas or the inability of the cell receptors to recognize the insulin and allow the glucose to enter at a normal and regular rate. All of the cells in your body need glucose that’s why it so important that it enters at a normal rate. Glucose to our bodies is like gasoline on our cars. The maintenance of the glucose level in the blood is very important to normal functions of the cells. Brain cells are very sensitive to a lack of glucose; they are almost immediately affected and will quickly respond if they don’t have enough. A consequence of lack of glucose to brain cells for a short period of time is that your cells can start to die and malfunction. There are two types of diabetes; Type one which requires insulin and type two which is not insulin dependent. Type one diabetes patients’ pancreas does not make any insulin and they depend on this. The peak age of type one diabetes is from 10 years old to 14 years old and they are underweight. Type two diabetes is the most common and the people who suffer from this do not have to take insulin but do have to have a balanced diet and regular physical active, they also have to take medication to help the pancreas make more insulin or to help make the insulin that their body is already making more effective. Type two diabetes patients are mostly middle aged or older and usually overweight. Some of the most common signs of diabetes are frequent thirst, frequent urination, and typically hungry because their cells are starving for energy. Non-modifiable risk factors are age, family history, race. Some of the modifiable risk factors to...
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