Mildred Elley: BIO 210
The research in this paper is based on our studies of Diabetes Mellitus. Going through the different types of diabetes and what altered signs a symptoms might occur. Knowing how serious this disease is and what steps we can take to control our chances of developing diabetes.
Diabetes Mellitus, according to the Merriam-Webster Medical Dictionary, is the most common form of diabetes, caused by a deficiency of the pancreatic hormone insulin, which results in a failure to metabolize sugars and starch. Sugars accumulate in the blood and urine, and the byproducts of alternative fat metabolism disturb the acid-base balance of the blood, causing a risk of convulsions and coma.
Background Information Diabetes has been researched and treated since the 17th century. In the 17th century Dr. Thomas Willis tasted the urine of his patients to diagnosis diabetes. Urine strips were developed for diagnostic use in the 1960s. A women with diabetes named Dorothy Frank remembers, “In order to test your blood sugars there were these do-it-yourself urine kits-blue meant there was no sugar present, and orange meant you were positive.” (Sattley, 2008) The history of diabetes progressed rather fast after the 1960s. Syringes were introduced as a form of treatment help in 1961. The portable glucose meter made by Ames Diagnostics was released in 1969. In the late 1970s personal insulin pumps were made to make people with diabetes lives easier. A quote from The History of Diabetes Mellitus by Han’s Shadewaldt’s read: “Life is short, art is long, the right moment soon speeds past, experience deceives, and judgment is difficult!” (Sattley, 2008)
According to the Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 2010, 25.8 million people have diabetes. 1.9 million new cases were diagnosed ages 20 and older. Only 1 percent of Americans with diabetes
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