Topics: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Diabetes mellitus type 1 Pages: 3 (653 words) Published: May 5, 2013
I am going to discuss the chronic disease diabetes and the risk factors associated with this chronic disease. I will also discuss who is commonly affected by diabetes and how to treat diabetes.

Diabetes is a disorder in the body in which the cells cannot get the glucose from the blood. Diabetes results in high blood glucose levels. Diabetes is known to run in families. In my family diabetes is hereditary. So I am more likely to develop type two diabetes. My great-grandfather had type two diabetes and did not take care of his health. The diabetes and his poor health caused him to develop poor circulation. As a result of his poor circulation, he had both of his legs amputated and developed impotency at a young age. He died of heart disease at the age of 57.

Diabetes affects millions of Americans each year. Less than half of the Americans affected are women. The most common complication of diabetes is heart disease. This is more serious for women than men. In the number of people who have a heart attack, women have a poorer quality of life and a lower survival rate than men (CDC, February 2013).

There are three types of diabetes. Type one diabetes occurs when the pancreas cannot produce the proper amount of insulin. Type one diabetes is treated with insulin therapy. As stated by WebMD, “The primary risk factor for type one diabetes is a family history of this lifelong, chronic disease. Having family members with diabetes is a major risk factor” (WebMD, 2013). Diseases or injuries to the pancreas may lead diabetes type 1.

In type two diabetes, insulin is produced, but the cells in the body do not respond to the insulin. The only way to treat type two diabetes is by dieting and exercise. Some risk factors of type two diabetes are, if there is a family history of diabetes, the individual will have a higher risk to develop diabetes. Type two diabetes usually starts in adulthood, but...

References: Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Diabetes Public Health Resource. How are women
especially affected by diabetes? (2013). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/
Mayo Clinic. Gestational diabetes. (March 24, 2011). Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic
WebMD. Diabetes Health Center. Risk Factors for Diabetes (2013). Retrieved from
http://diabetes .webmd.com/risk-factors-for-diabetes
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