TOWER) - KATHMANDU
Class VIII A
- Destroyed by earthquake 2015
•Location - Kathmandu, Nepal
•Coordinates - 27°42′03″N
•Completed - 1832 (1832)
•Destroyed – 1) 15 January
1934 (1934 earthquake)
•2) 25 April 2015 (2015-0425) (2015 earthquake; a 10metre-tall (33 ft) stump of the base remains
Dharahara is also known as the Bhimsen Tower.
It is 203 ft. (61.88 m) tall.
It was built in 1832 by Mukhtiyar (equivalent to
Prime Minister) Bhimsen Thapa under the commission of Queen Lalit Tripura Sundari and was a part of the architecture of Kathmandu recognized by UNESCO.
Most of the tower collapsed in the 25 April 2015
Nepal earthquake, but the base remains. About
180 bodies were found in the rubble. The tower collapsed during lunch hour.
Dharahara in Kathmandu was the tallest building in Nepal and the second such tower built by Bhimsen Thapa. The first tower was built eight years earlier in 1824 and was 11 stories high, two stories taller than the Dharahara. Dharahara is said to be built for Queen Lalit Tripura Sundari, who was the niece of Bhimsen Thapa.
During the earthquake of 1834, both towers survived, but the first Bhimsen's tower suffered severe damage. A century later, on 15 January 1934, another earthquake completely destroyed the first tower, and only two of the 11 stories of the second tower remained. The then Prime Minister of Nepal, Juddha Shumsher, subsequently carried out renovation work of the Dharahara tower to fully restore it. After the original Bhimsen Tower was destroyed, Queen Lalit Tripura Sundari's tower became known as 'Bhimsen Stambha' or 'Bhimsen Tower'.
Remains after the 2015 Earthquake
Dharahara was constructed for military use as a watchtower. When incidents of national importance occurred, bugles were blown from the top floor of the tower.
This was the signal for soldiers to assemble. This tradition of bugle