Dhaka City, Emm, Solid Waste, Solid Waste Management

Topics: Waste management, Waste, Hazardous waste Pages: 24 (7917 words) Published: June 19, 2013
J. Environ. Sci. & Natural Resources, 5(1): 99 - 111, 2012

ISSN 1999-7361

Prospect of Solid Waste Situation and An Approach of Environmental Management Measure (EMM) Model for Sustainable Solid Waste Management: Case Study of Dhaka City 1

K. M. Bahauddin and 2M. H. Uddin
1

Department of Environment, Dhaka 2 MATS, Faridpur

Abstract Environmental Management Measure (EMM) model will be a well-designed approach for sustainable and effective solid waste management in Dhaka city. Environmental Management Measure (EMM) model has three instruments such as economic, regulatory and suasive which proposed in this paper. This paper discusses the situation of solid waste in Dhaka city as well as it offers environmental policy recommendations to concerned authorities including effective instruments to minimize the polluting behavior of individuals and industries and to recover the cost of pollution in the city. To improve solid waste management in Dhaka city, a combination of economic, regulatory and suasive instrument are recommended. The findings of the study will be helpful for policy maker, planner, implementer and other stakeholders towards adopting more effective strategy for management of solid waste in Dhaka city. Key words: Dhaka city, EMM, Solid waste, Solid waste management, Sustainability,

Introduction
Bangladesh is a densely populated country; country's population will be about 17 crore by 2020. In countries like Bangladesh solid wastes make an incredible environmental hazard and social problem in city lives. A massive volume of solid waste is generated every day in the city areas and unfortunately solid waste management is being deteriorated day by day due to the limited resources in handling the increasing rate of generated waste. Rapid urbanization has made solid waste management a serious problem today. The urban area of Bangladesh generates approximately 16,015 tons of waste per day, which adds up to over 5.84 million tons annually. It is projected that this amount will grow up to 47,000tons/ tons/day and close to 17.16 million tons per year by 2025, due to growth both in population and the increase in per capita waste generation. Based on the present total urban population, per capita waste generation rate is found at 0.41 kg/capita/day in urban area of Bangladesh. Existing infrastructure for waste management showed that waste collection efficiency in different urban areas varies from 37% to 77% with an average of 55%. The overall waste collection situation is not very satisfactory. Huge amount of uncollected waste, a high proportion of which is organic, makes nuisance and pollutes the local environment rapidly. Solid waste disposal poses a greater problem because it leads to land pollution if openly dumped, water pollution if dumped in low lands and air pollution if burnt. Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh is facing 99

serious environmental degradation and public-health risk due to uncollected disposal of waste on streets and other public areas, clogged drainage system by indiscriminately dumped wastes and by contamination of water resources near uncontrolled dumping sites. In this perspective, Environmental Management Measure (EMM) model will be a useful approach for sustainable and effective solid waste management in Dhaka city and other urban areas of Bangladesh. Many countries implemented this measure and acquired successful outcome by improving environment and its effective management.

Methodology
In this paper, Environmental Management Measures (EMM) model is proposed for sustainable and effective solid waste management in Dhaka city. 1. Framework of Environmental Management Measures (EMM) Environmental management measures (EMM) are primarily based on the application of theories associated with (i) externalities, (ii) open-access resources, and (iii) public goods. Failure to internalize externalities, ensure property rights, and appropriately manage public goods gives rise to...

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