Deviant Subcultures: Juvenile Delinquency and the Causes and Effects

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Deviant Subcultures: Juvenile Delinquency and the Causes and Effects
Andrea Clark
Navarro College

Abstract
This paper explores what causes juvenile delinquency through explaining different theories. It explores Feud’s Id, Superego, and Ego to understand the development of the juvenile as well as exploring Merton’s Strain Theory, Cloward and Ohlin, The Chicago School, Albert K. Cohen’s Delinquent boys and the subculture of gangs and commercial growers. It looks into the communities and argues more towards nature and environment of the juvenile than nature. It also looks into the culture of the American dream and how conformities and expectation to set to a certain bar in life. It discovers how the American dream has become a form of social control in our society and how it’s become the definition of our success. Our view of success is a question if it for our benefit or if we find happiness in how our society views us? Why in our society drives deviance and what we can do to solve this issue? This paper concludes through juvenile programs, changing our attitudes in schools and education and having government involvement.

Deviant Subcultures: Juvenile Delinquency and the Causes and Effects
From the time we are little we are taught rules of what is right and wrong and to obey to those rules to remain socially acceptable, and of the consequences of not obeying. We are taught to stand out, be successful, creative and to attain an American dream but only under certain guidelines. Humans are built with this sense to find purpose, and society seems to offer the definition of that purpose. We are told our purpose is the American dream; to gain money, cars, houses, stability, respect and power and be successful at it. If we do not attain these certain things either by no means or ill equipped goals we are looked down upon and become non-functional in our society. Each culture is equipped with



References: Adler, P. A. (1994). Constructions of Deviance. In Social Power, Context and Interaction (pp. 545-558). Interaction Thomson Publishing. Council, N. C. (2012, December 2). National Crime Prevention Council. Retrieved from Gangs and Your Child: http://www.ncpc.org/topics/by-audience/parents/gangs-and-your-child Macionis, J. J. (2012). Sociology. J. J. Macionis. (pp. 194-216) Pearson Education, Inc. Matthew O 'Deane, P. (2010, November 5). Gangs & Drugs. Retrieved from Law Officer: http://www.lawofficer.com/article/gangs-drugs (1973) Second Edition: Deviance The Interactionist Perspective . In E. R. Weinburg. The Macmillian Company.

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