Developmental Theories

Topics: Sigmund Freud, Developmental psychology, Psychosexual development Pages: 8 (2594 words) Published: October 19, 2008
The social learning theory, psychoanalytic theory, and the psychosocial theory are developmental theories. These theories are helpful for parents to understand the growth of a child through their stages of development. In so many circumstances parents don’t have the slightest clue as to why a child behaves irrationally, Some children have behavioral attitudes that are from cultures that are different, and children who are mentally abnormal are an exception to theoretical rules. Developmental theories can be beneficial to understand the behavior of a child through adolescence. The social learning theory, psychoanalytic theory, and the psychosocial theory are developmental theories. These theories are necessary to understand the psychological growth, of a child from infancy through adolescence.

Developmental theories are beneficial to understand the behavior of a child, and there are some theories that are different from each other. However, developmental theories can also have several types of similarities. The use of developmental theories can help in identifying cognitive, and physical and emotional development, of children through their adolescent development. The social learning theory along with the psychoanalytic theory, and the psychosocial theory can allow parents to have an understanding, of childhood and adolescent development. Bandura’s social learning theory suggests that parents have an influence on there child’s behavior. In most cases kids to seem to mirror their parents behavior in which it does always require reinforcement. Learning may also occur as a result of watching some one else perform some action and experience reinforcement or punishment. Learning of this type, is called observational learning, or modeling involved in a wide rang of behaviors. Children learn to hit by watching other people in real life and on television. Adults learn job skills by observing or being shown them by others. However, learning from modeling is not entirely an automatic process.

Furthermore, the cognitive theory that Bandura points out that what an observer learns from watching another person. The individual can copy and behave in the similar way as that particular individual. This depends on four things what a child pays attention to, and what children are able to remember. According to, Boyd and Bee (2006) “Since attentional abilities, memory, and physical change with age, what a child learns from any given modeled event may be quite different from what adult learns from and identical event” (p.32). If children are around positive influences they behave in a positive manner. However, negative influences from parents, or peers can create negative behaviors from childhood through adolescence development. The similarities of Bandura’s work is related to the theories of psychologist Vygotsy and Lave. Who also emphasize the central role of social learning in behavioral modification in most people. Social learning theory has been applied extensively to the understanding of aggression, and psychological disorders, particularly in the context of behavior modification. It is also the theoretical foundation for the technique of behavior modeling which is widely used in training programs. The Psychoanalytic theory, and psychosocial theory children develop through stages.

However, the social learning theory has no developmental stages from childhood through adolescence. In both the psychoanalytic theory, and the psychosocial theory a child has pass through each developmental stage. If a child gets stuck in a developmental stage their maturity can be affected. Infancy stages have to mastered in order to successful move to a toddlers stage. Social learning theory rely on cognitive development because a child learns from their parents. When I was a child growing up my parents were careful not to expose me to negative...

References: Boyd, Bee (2006) Adult Lifespan Development (4th.ed)
Pearson Education, Inc.
Plotnick,(2002) Introduction to Psychology (6th.ed)
Wadsmouth Group,Thompson Learning.Inc.
Bandura (1997) Self Efficacy The Exercise of Control:
New York, Freeman.
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