Topics: Middle age, Adolescence, Theory of cognitive development Pages: 6 (1505 words) Published: November 8, 2014

People during the course of their lives go numerous transformations as adults and youngsters. During a person’s existence, they will go through several of clear cognitive, social, physical, and character changes. Annie, who’s 13 years of age adolescent and in 6th grade, starts on her puberty phase following the childhood phase ending. She’s commonly categorized as a “teenager” or “young adult” by a majority of people. Ages of youth are from 13 years of age to 21 years of age. Noticeably, Annie, like a lot of other adolescent girls during this phase, comes across a lot of transformation in her life as she gets ready to mature. Throughout this period in Annie’s existence, she’ll commence puberty bringing on many emotional, physical and cognitive changes to her personality and body. “Puberty” is the moment in the maturity at which the person is actually able to sexually reproduce. (Lahey, 2010, p.334). A lot of obvious and physical transformations take place throughout puberty. As a result, Annie’s body will start developing, because of the rise in estrogen in her body.

Annie’s Physical Transformation
The biggest and obvious developmental change in Annie’s body will be growth spurts. Throughout this time, she can grow anywhere from 8 inches and 12 inches in height, and its normal for eating routines to go from eating little portions to eating larger portions. As Annie begins to consume larger portions of food, it causes her body to start to physically changing. Different parts of her body will become pronounced; she might even start on a menstrual cycle at that point. The hormones produced by her body will change as puberty starts; like growing pubic hair, and she might be self-conscious about these things and how others look at her. Erickson (1963) disputed that a child’s premature feeling of individuality comes to some extent “unglued” because a mixture of fast body growth and sexual changes of puberty. Even though each individual grows and develops in a different ways, there is no specific age for where puberty starts or ends.

Annie’s Cognitive Changes
Cognitive Developmental Theory proposed by Kohlberg (1966) says that knowledge of sexual characteristics is a prerequisite to gender role development. According to Kohlberg, children go through a series of stages in acquiring the concept of gender and Annie is going through these stages; she has realized that her gender is permanent. At this time, Annie begins to classify, hypothesize, and carry arguments out to logical conclusions. She will be somehow compelled to seek out same-sex models and learn to act in ways considered appropriate for her gender. She will spend time and “hang out” with her peers more often than usual. She may develop a cognitive sense about her attire, her image and may even become critical of what she sees in the mirror. As a result, she may be confused with most logical issues. Although Annie has reached the level of formal operational reasoning, her cognition, at times, often retains an immature quality. According to Piaget, (1972) individuals who have achieved formal operational thinking are able to use it in many areas of their lives. However, Annie is preoccupied with concepts such as truth, justice and the meaning of life mostly because the capacity to think in such abstract terms is new to her. Annie’s Emotion Changes

Annie has a good understanding relationship with her parents, but she will feel the need to separate from them to some degree. As a result, friends become a vital source of emotional support and approval for her behavior. Interactions with her peers become very critical for her as she forms her emotional identity. Young people feel the need to be accepted by their peers as they pursue discovery of their identity. Erickson (1963) described it as a stage of confusion, and he expressed his belief that peer groups help teenagers cope with the stress of role confusion by providing them with a temporary resolution,...

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