Freud explains during the oral stage (birth to 18 months) if the child focuses too much on the oral pleasures (sucking) too little or too much could result in an oral fixation/oral personality. After developing this personality you tend to have a higher chance of smoking, consume alcohol, gluttony or biting nails. These types of people exert traits of being overly dependent on others, gullible and perpetual followers. They also may be able to counter act this by acting pessimistic and aggressive towards others. During this stage Erikson labels this the trust vs. mistrust stage. It’s about the infants bond with the mother. The areas focused on are with feeding, being comforted, teething and sleeping. Positive outcomes developed from this stage are hope and drive. Improper development during this stage can lead to sensory distortion and/or withdrawal. Reflecting from my own experience can take bits both from Freud and Erikson. Unsure whether it was too little or too much but I always tend to have either a drink or piece of food in my hand. Always searching the pantry and fridge for something to eat. Towards alcohol I don’t crave it but when I do drink I do it in high quantities. From Erikson, I tend to have streaks where I withdraw from society and I tend to keep to myself.
Freud believes during the so-called “anal stage” (18 months to 3 years) the child’s development is based on pleasure in eliminating and retaining fecal matter. Through pressures of society highly contributed by parents, children learn to control anal stimulation. Through this stage an anal fixation can occur. On one hand they could end up having a fascination with cleanliness, perfection and