Development of United States 1700-1800

Topics: Slavery, Thirteen Colonies, British Empire Pages: 6 (2243 words) Published: September 20, 2012
Development of United States 1700-1800
History is an important genre in the Age of Enlightenment has, of course, long been appreciated. History’s appeal was certainly not new to the eighteenth century. As one historian of Scottish Enlightenment historical thought has recently shown, a scholarly devotion to historical study had ancestral roots firmly imbedded in the humanistic thought of preceding centuries.' The years after 1740, however, witnessed a heightened flourishing of historical interest and activity in eighteenth century Britain. By 1770, Hume himself could famously say with reference to a Scotland which was teeming with nascent historical initiative, “I believe this is the historical Age and this historical nation.” The development of the United States in the period 1700-1800 was of full of ups and downs, wars, the dominance of the British, slavery and suppression and the exclusion of several factors.

Development of United States 1700-1800
American wilderness demonstrated all the bearings of an existence of no boundaries, early deaths, pregnancies out of wedlock and things like that were part of the structure or framework. Diseases were also part of this structure or framework (Keene et al.).By a specific node in time in the history of USA, only 10 percent of the Indian population of 1492 survived. (Keene et al.). From the time of the 1610 onwards, several wars were witnessed. Afterwards, it was the time of tobacco and African slaves (Keene et al.).The English communities were quick to spread, and by 1700 there were twelve such colonies inhabited by an approximate total of 400,000 people. This success was underpinned by their societal structure: whole communities were transplanted - men, women and children - who set to work the land, reproduce naturally, and establish a stable, local economy that could be largely independent from the mother country. This was done through the cultivation of tobacco crops. The French colonies did not have such economic luck, relying mainly on the fur trade that required a greater degree of dependence upon, and interaction with, the natives. These different trades affected gender relations: crop cultivation required a certain equality of labor, while the fur trade was based on the strict division of labor along gender lines. By the central point of the 1700s, French occupation of the land and the fur-trade tradition had caused the English colonials to battle for their economic safeguarding and the sustainment of their superiority (Keene et al.). It is of an intrinsically significant nature that during these times, a number of 10 million Africans were taken, bound by chains to the New World, in the three centuries after the landing of Columbus(Keene et al.). A further mark of cultural distinction was that of religion. Puritanism, with its strict ideas about behavior and cultural practices, dominated the most northern English colonies, while the more southern ones, towards Virginia and the Carolinas, tended to replicate the customs of their motherlands, much like the other European groups did. While the English stuck to their elite-dominated forms of democracy, the French rallied around their Catholic traditions, as did the Spanish and Portuguese, all of whom tended to run their colonies along more authoritarian lines. One thing that each colony did have in common was a determination to apply their own western ways to these new lands, to diverge from native practices, and eventually develop a distinctly ‘civilized’ American world. By the beginning of the 18th century, religion in the American colonies might be separated into three predominant strands. In New England a Congregational establishment occupied the center stage of colonial life, though this establishment had been forced to accept the presence of a variety of other religious groups. In the southern colonies the Church of England had been established, and this Anglican...

Cited: Keene, Jennifer D., Saul Cornell, and Edward T. O 'Donnell. Visions of America: A History of the
United States: Volume 1: To 1877. Boston: Prentice Hall.
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