Development of Greek Architecture

Topics: Ionic order, Doric order, Parthenon Pages: 5 (1598 words) Published: December 4, 2013

Research Paper-Outline

TOPIC-Development of Greek Architecture: The Doric and Ionic Orders Intro: Hook, Thesis statement/explanation of topic
-What was architecture like before this period?
-What was is made out of?
-Who influenced it?
- What were some examples reflecting the old styles?
-What happened to them?
How were the ideas changing?
-Who came up with new ideas?
-What were the new ideas?
-What influenced them?
-How did they reflect the culture/society/worship at the time? Introduce the Orders
-What orders did they come in?
-Geographically which orders were used where? Time periods?
-Explain both (technical structures and use visual aid)
-Emphasis on the differences
-Ionic Style Temple:
-background info (where, when, what, why)
-Visual analysis of the style of the structure
-Is it strictly Ionic?
-Are their outside influences from other cultures, styles, or past architecture? *Same for Doric Style
Visual Comparison
-List the differences, similarities
-Were the circumstances vastly different during the time periods of each (war, peace, etc.)? Conclusion

Development of Greek Architecture: The Doric and Ionic Orders Undoubtedly, most people have had the experience of driving around neighborhoods to look at Christmas lights with their family. We have all seen those humongous, beautiful houses or churches with the winding driveway, tall windows, or columns framing the face of the house. However, very few people may stop to actually examine the homes and wonder about why they were made the way that they were. People may not know of the architectural structures from hundreds of thousands of years ago that are influencing those modern buildings. Columns, for example, are remnants of an era that changed the way that many cultures build structures; the height of Ancient Greece. The Doric and Ionic orders arose during that time and remain a staple in structural design. I will explain the two orders as well as compare them using two different, specific temples. I will also give background information on the architects of each temple, on new ideas that sprung up during this time, and on events that could have influenced the development of structure in Greece and surrounding areas. During the Orientalizing Period in the seventh century, the Greeks built a temple at Prinias that resembled the Mycenaean megaron which travelers may have seen during a journey for trade. However, in sixth century BCE, known as the Archaic Period, Greek architects began to look to Egyptian structures such as the columnar halls in Karnak. With these in mind, they began to build the stone columnar temples that have become the iconic Greek style and have influenced architecture throughout the Western world. The basic Greek peristyle temple was put under the intense study of architects and philosophers who were trying the find a way to construct the ‘perfect temple’. Vitruvius, a Greek writer, documented that both doric and ionic types developed while architects were trying to translate the styles of temples that were made of wood, mud bricks, and other less durable materials into stone and marble temples. These would undoubtedly last longer and if they could discover the optimal proportions, they could potentially build their ideal or ‘perfect’ temple. People started searching for a mathematical formula that could be used to calculate the correct balance for all parts of the temple, which reflected the thinking of philosopher Pythagoras of Samos. He believed that that beauty resided in the harmony of ratios, so a Greek architect named Iktinos came up with a set proportional scheme that resulted in a formula for the best balanced temple. Within the bounds of this formulaic approach, there developed two systems, or orders of designing the three parts of ‘elevation’ in a Greek temple. The three parts are the platform (stylobate), the colonnade, and the...

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Gardner, Helen, Fred S. Kleiner, and Christin J. Mamiya. "Ancient Greece." Gardner 's Art through the Ages. Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth, 2005. N. pag. Print.
Spawforth, Antony. The Complete Greek Temples. London: Thames & Hudson, 2006. Print.
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