Development from Conception to Age 16 Years Old

Powerful Essays
All children develop but this is at different levels. In this section I am going to look at and discuss how four to five year olds develop physically and the language and communication development of four to five year olds. And then in the next section look at the same developments but for older children 8-16 years old. Physical development relates to physical movements. Becoming independent is closely linked to physical development. Communication and language development relates to the ability to talk, listen to and understand what others are saying and to be able to interpret body language including facial expressions. Also involved within this development is reading and writing skills. Communication and language development is closely linked with cognitive development.
There are two main ways in which children develop physically (1) fine motor skills, these are the smaller movements that occur of the hands, wrists, fingers, toes etc. and (2) gross motor skills, these being the larger muscle movements for example running jumping etc.
At age four to five children’s gross motor skills will include aiming, throwing, catching and kicking of a ball, hopping on one foot, walking a fine line, to be able to change direction when running, pedal and climb with confidence. Balancing and co-ordination skills by this age are developing very quickly, a five year old will be able to jump a rope, balance on one foot, maybe be able to ride a bike with no stabilizers, use his/her waist to bend, they will be able to touch their toes without bending their knees, speed and agility is developed, running becomes at a faster speed and they are able to respond quickly to obstacles when running.
The fine motor skills that four to five year olds will develop are that they will be able to button and unbutton, string beads onto a piece of string, cut with scissors, build a block tower using at least ten blocks, being able to confidently put a twelve piece jigsaw together and hold a

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    E1 In the age range of 3 to 7 years, within a child’s cognitive development they should be starting to ask questions. Even though this may seem annoying, it is a normal and important developmental milestone. They should also be able to correctly name familiar colours and understand about same and difference. During play, they should also be able to pretend and fantasize more creatively. Within this age range they should also be able to follow three-part commands and remember different parts of…

    • 535 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Development from conception to 16 years New-born babies are born with many different reflexes. ‘The presence of some of the new-borns primitive reflexes is essential to survival’, Child Development An Illustrated Guide, Page 12. Some of the automatic reflexes include ‘swallowing and sucking, when anything is put in the mouth, babies at once suck and swallow’, Child Development An Illustrated Guide, Page 12. At birth in their gross motor development babies will lie on their back ‘lie supine (on…

    • 4975 Words
    • 20 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Unit 2- Development from conception to age 16 years By Claire Williamson Word Count: E1:Describe the development of children in a selected age range and in two areas of development. Birth to three years, physical development and social and emotional development. Throughout the first year of life, babies will undergo rapid social, emotional, physical, and cognitive development. Motor control develops from the head, moves down through the arms and then to the legs and feet. Initial movements…

    • 3156 Words
    • 13 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    area of development I have chosen is physical development. A definition of physical development -This is the time when the body develops its performance, having complete control over the body. A child will expand in itself physical performances in both age ranges from birth to three years and from three to seven years. This development is divided into two fundamental sections; Gross motor along with Fine motor . Gross motor are the greater movements that obligate good muscle development plus control…

    • 1837 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    E1- The age group I have chosen to describe is birth to 3 year olds on their physical development and communication and language development. In this age range the physical development changes from birth where they generally don’t do anything which develops as between 3 – 6 months the child can hold a rattle for a moment, reaching for a toy, putting toys in their mouth, lifting their head up, moving their arms to indicate wanting to be picked up and rolling over. This development changes much more…

    • 2809 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    16 year olds

    • 265 Words
    • 2 Pages

    teenage years and isn't fully mature until age 25. One 16-year-old's brain might be more developed than another 18-year-old's, just as a younger teen might be taller than an older one. But evidence is mounting that a 16-year-old's brain is generally far less developed than those of teens just a little older. The research seems to help explain why 16-year-old drivers crash at far higher rates than older teens. The studies have convinced a growing number of safety experts that 16-year-olds are too…

    • 265 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The mayor of your city is trying to decide if a 7:00 p.m. curfew for those under age 16 is needed. What do you think? What are the advantages/disadvantages? Youth curfews are widely used in the USA to keep children off the street at late. How many people you know, who go outside after 7 pm? A lot of people go outside after 7 pm. The curfew is a great law for under age 16 years old children. A 7 pm curfew is a wonderful idea. The main reason of curfews is usually lowering the crime percent. Curfews…

    • 338 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    16 Year Old Drivers

    • 599 Words
    • 3 Pages

    937 drivers age 16 who were involved in fatal crashes"(Davis 249). 16 teen year old's are the youngest and most immature drivers to hit the road. 16- year- old's need more development in their brains to be safe drivers. 16- year- old brains are not fully developed to obtain their license. Also teens are too inexperienced because they are new drivers. 16- teen- year old's are not getting enough experience with Co drivers. The driving age should be raised in Washington. 16- year- old teenagers' brains…

    • 599 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    16 year old Drivers

    • 467 Words
    • 2 Pages

    You just turned 16 and can’t wait to drive a car by yourself.Why should you have to wait even longer. You already have to take courses before you get your permit, and you have drive a year with a parent/guardian supervision before you can get your drivers licence. To persuade you that 16 year olds are mature enough to drive a car I will give you two reasons why. My first reason that 16 year old are mature enough to drive a car is you take courses to before you can start driving. This means…

    • 467 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Conceptions of Age

    • 355 Words
    • 2 Pages

    introduced in Chapter 1, the conceptions of age. How old would you be if you didn’t know how old you were?” –Satchel Paige, a quotation from the book immediately caught my attention to the reading. I love this quote because I have always thought about that. I am 20 years YOUNG but when asked, I always mention that I am 40 years old in my mind. I have always wondered if the way we measure age was different in different cultures. I am sure there are many cultures that do not measure age chronologically. I read…

    • 355 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays