Development and Design of Three Dimensional Virtual Laboratory

Pages: 22 (4244 words) Published: November 24, 2014
Development and Design of 3D Virtual Laboratory
for Chemistry Subject Based on ConstructivismCognitivism-Contextual Approach

Norasiken Bakar a,*, Halimah Badioze Zamanb

"Jabatan Media Interaktif, Fakulti Teknologi Maklumat Dan Komunikasi, Kolej Universiti Teknikal Kebangsaan Malaysia, 75450 Ayer Keroh, Melaka, E:mail: "Iabaran Sains Maklumat, Fakulti Teknologi Dan Sains Maklumat, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan, E-mail:


This paper addresses about designing virtual laboratory for chemistry subject, acid, base and salt (VLab-CHEM) in three dimensions (3D). Discussion involved on theoretical framework modelling where it divided into two parts that is analysis, design, development and evaluation. For the second objective, researcher was view on constructivism- cognitivism contextual lifecycle model where it used for 3D VLab-CHEM. This model defined about education media, how to measure content, authoring program and systematic instructional .design. For the third objective, researcher also explained the 3D laboratory architecture and story board for the early state of development VLab-CHEM. Others objective are defining Instructional Design (ID) model ( VLab-CHEM ) where it include 3D virtual laboratory modules. ill model focused on learning and teaching aspects and science education, education process and by using multimedia interactive module. While designing the development of VLab-CHEM, researcher has used approach in learning theory such as constructivismcognitivism-contextual. Concept through learning-by-doing, contextual education, simulation, 3D animation and real time animation to create 3D virtual based on reality, added in the VLab-CHEM.


Norasiken Bakar and Halimah Badioze Zaman

KEY WORDS: 3D, Virtual Laboratory, Experiment, Learning by Doing, Chemistry, Education Theory.

1 Introduction
The development of computer technology especially multimedia technology has been a major factor in education world. By that reason, the using of computer in learning and education has been increased. Ahmad Fauzi Mohd Ayub et al. (2005).

Research on virtual laboratory in chemistry subject, acid, base and salt ( VLab-CHEM ) is the main research based on problem found by the student and teacher in conventional chemistry education especially in understanding on the experiment process that is not easy to prove in real world. Norasiken & Halimah. (2005) VLab-CHEM is developed as a new value in chemistry education. Besides that, VLab-CHEM that will be developed can get more attention by the student in their new way learning. Activity in the VLab-CHEM is based on interactive laboratory in order to ensure the understanding student in chemistry material process and also to do experiment. By that, VLabCHEM will reduce cost such as time in lab, material and component used in the experiment where it differs in conventional lab.

In other way, student and teacher can do the experiment as long as they want and it will avoid the student from using the dangerous material. Norasiken and Halimah. (2005)

2 Educational Theories
2.1 Constructivism Theory
Student can be defining as an active individual in developing their knowledge. Education involved creating and arrangement student knowledge through experience and environment around them and their interaction within software. Mohd Arif et al ( 2005 ).

Through constructivism educational theory, students have their own mind that has been created by interaction with the environment. Concepts that own by each student are differing and mistake will be occurred if the concept created opposite with the concept accepted in the classroom.

Development and Design of 3D Virtual Laboratory


Through constructivism approach in classroom, student will actively involved in educational process and they have the chance to create their own knowledge based on their background. Roziah Abdullah...

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