Synchrony – is the coordinated interaction between infant and parent in which each individual responds to and influences the other, occurring within the first three months and more as the child grows. Synchrony can be initiated by the parent or infant. Parents will usually imitate the child first in order to obtain desired emotional responses. Facial expressions and body language performed by the parent or caregiver will cause the infant to associate feelings with certain physical expressions noted in the parent’s behavior. Children mimic parental expressions too, causing feelings of comfort and security within the infant. The dynamics of physical and verbal contact between parent and infant, will aid in the child’s development creating a strong premise for processing emotions, physical expressions, and socially acceptable behavioral responses. Along with the aforementioned benefits of synchrony, impairment of this concept may occur under the following conditions: - The caregiver ignores the infant’s invitation to interact. - The caregiver over stimulates a baby who wants to pause and rest.
Given the proper administering of the synchrony process, an infant will mature and properly adjust in society.
Synchrony – In Terms Of Psychosocial Development
Synchrony is a key factor in a child’s psychosocial development. The rapport between parent and child, and the infant’s adaptive functioning in society is predicated upon synchrony. Cultural variations have a definite impact on psychosocial development via synchrony. It appears that synchrony (achieved through face-to-face play) is a universal experience; however frequency and durations do have wide variations based on cultural influence. Consider the following instances:
- North American mothers direct their infant's attention away from the relationship
- Japanese mothers focus on mutual intimacy.
- Vietnamese mothers restrict their infants' exploratory activities.