1. Develop the differences among the three theoretical approaches by applying each to the family. In each case, how do we understand a family and its operation?
A theoretical approach is a basic image of society that guides thinking and research. Sociological theories are important to understanding how operates and how people in society relate with each other. There are three major theoretical approaches: structural-functional, social-conflict, and symbolic-interaction approach. The social-conflict theory claims that society is in a state of perpetual conflict and competition for limited resources, which has led to different social classes in society. Conflict theories stress on social, political and material inequality of social groups, which is the opposite of the functional approach which stresses solidarity and stability in society. The conflict theory impacts the family institution, as families are not as stable due to constant conflict from limited resources, power and difference in interests. The structural-functional theory claims that society is in a state of balance as parts of the system work together to promote solidarity and stability. The functionalism theory stresses on consensus and order in the family and entire society. The family helps in reproduction and socialization in society. Also, teach young children how to behave according to their cultural beliefs and social norms. Failure to function well affects society as the components of a society do not function together as expected. The symbolic-interaction theory has helped in understanding the relationship between human beings and how they interact in society. Human interaction can only be understood through social communications which is encompassed of body language and mannerism. The interaction theory impacts family as it is used to study interacting personalities of each member in a family. Poor communication among family members affects their...
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