What is Design?
Q1. What was the industrial revolution? When did it occur? How did industrialisation lead to the creation of the design profession? How was the industrial manufacturing of making products new and what role did the designer play in creating new products?
The industrial revolution was a movement that began in mainly in England and Germany during the 18th-19th century. It then spread throughout the world. The industrial revolution introduced the notion of function, ergonomics, and the use of modern materials. Designers had to think of new ways to create objects with the use of modern industrial materials in a cheaper and more efficient manner.
Q2. Explain what series and mass production means. What other factors over time have contributed to the high turnover and international sales of manufactured products?
Mass production refers to the process of creating large numbers of similar products efficiently. The process was often carefully determined, to try producing the greatest quantity of items using the fewest amounts of recourses. Series is a ‘collection’ or the model of a particular object.
Q3. Using your own words, explain the meaning of the term “form follows function” and its significance. The supporters of Modernist design and functionalism assumed two things about form follows function. What were they? What do you understand by the meaning of each of these? Explain in your own words.
Form follows function is a principle associated with modern architecture and industrial design in the 20th century. The principle is that the shape of a building or object should be based on its intended function or purpose. This means that designs were to be kept simple, clean, and geometric in form. This was done in order to create durable, good quality and inexpensive products, focusing more on a particular products function.
Q4.The work of the designer has 5 major focal points - list these and explain what...
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