descriptive method

Topics: High school, Secondary school, Public school Pages: 11 (2079 words) Published: February 26, 2014
International Journal of Transformations in Business Management

http://www.ijtbm.com/

(IJTBM) 2012, Vol. No. 1, Issue No. 6, Apr-Jun

ISSN: 2231-6868

MEANING OF THE TERM- DESCRIPTIVE SURVEY
RESEARCH METHOD
NEERU SALARIA

INTRODUCTION
According to Best and Kahn (2007), “The term descriptive research has often been used incorrectly to describe three types of investigation that are different. Perhaps their superficial similarities have obscured their difference. Each of them employs the process of disciplined inquiry through the gathering and analysis of empirical data, and each attempts to develop knowledge. To be done competently, each requires the expertise of the careful and systematic investigator. A brief explanation may serve to put each one in proper perspective.” The method of research which concerns itself with the present phenomena in terms of conditions, practices beliefs, processes, relationships or trends invariably is termed as “descriptive survey study”. According to Dr. Y.P. Aggarwal (2008) descriptive research is devoted to the gathering of information about prevailing conditions or situations for the purpose of description and interpretation. This type of research method is not simply amassing and tabulating facts but includes proper analyses, interpretation, comparisons, identification of trends and relationships.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE DESCRIPTIVE SURVEY METHOD
It is concerned not only with the characteristics of individuals but with the characteristics of the whole sample thereof. It provides information useful to the solutions of local issues (problems). Survey may be qualitative or quantitative in verbal or mathematical form of expression; such studies are factual and hence supply practical information.

The survey research employs applications of scientific method by critically analyzing and examining the source materials, by analyzing and interpreting data, and by arriving at generalization and prediction. Since, the present study was undertaken to study the administrative success of secondary school principals. Hence, the descriptive survey research method was adopted.

VARIABLES
“Variables are the conditions or characteristics that the experimenter manipulates, control, or observes. The independent variables are the experimenter manipulates or controls in his or her attempt to ascertain their relationship to observed phenomena. The dependent variables are the conditions or characteristics that experimenter introduces, removes, or changes Independent variables” Best (2007).

International Journal of Transformations in Business Management

International Journal of Transformations in Business Management

http://www.ijtbm.com/

(IJTBM) 2012, Vol. No. 1, Issue No. 6, Apr-Jun

ISSN: 2231-6868

In the present investigation Administrative Success of secondary school principals‟ was dependent variable. Personality, Job Satisfaction, Values, Decision Making Styles, Administrative Experience, Gender, School Location and Type of management were independent variables.

Any group of people or observation which includes all the possible members to that category is called population.“A population is usually defined as „all the members of any well defined class of people, events or objects‟. It represents a census or complete enumeration method in which all the units are reached. The merit of such a concept is that results obtained are representative, accurate and reliable and hence question of error becomes almost insignificant” Pandey (2005).

According to John W. Best (2007), “A population is any group of individuals who have one or more characteristics in common that are of interest to the researcher. The population may be all the individuals of a particular type or a more restricted part of that group”. In the present study all secondary school principals of Rewa Division of Madhya Pradesh constituted the population.

SAMPLE
A group chosen from a larger population with the...

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