Brazil is a Latin American country known as the biggest country in South America and the fifth largest in the world. Brazil is also a political and economic leader in South America in terms of international trade. Brazil is about to become a dominant power on the international scene. One of the great advantages Brazil has for energy potential comes from having several different climate zones. A dry, sunny climate in the center gives opportunity for the solar sector to be developed, and windy coasts, especially in the southeast, allow for great wind power potential. What’s more, the Amazon River and its tributaries offer an abundant potential for hydropower. With 190 million inhabitants and one of the largest areas of the world, Brazil has to deal with real challenges for its energy supply, especially if this country turned to a sustainable way of producing energy. Thanks to an ideal climate for sugarcane, Brazil has a huge resource for supplying the world with the clean and renewable fuel.
88.8% of Brazil’s electricity in 2011 came from renewable energy sources. Wind power provided the largest contribution, with capacity up a massive 24.2% from 2011. This increase came as a result of the large amounts of money that were invested into wind energy projects throughout the year after wind became the cheapest form of low carbon electricity, even cheaper than natural gas. Biomass energy from sugarcane actually contributed less in 2011 than 2010, but at 44.1% was still much higher than the world average of 13.3%.
The supply of energy produced domestically in 2011 rose 1.3% reaching 272.3 million tons of oil equivalent (TOE), whilst at the same time GDP(Gross Domestic Product) grew by 2.7%. According to the Brazilian Secretariat of Social Communication this means that Brazil spent less energy to produce the same amount of goods and services. The total energy consumption was up 2.6% from 2011 to 228.7 million TOE. This resembles a more stable balance between supply...
References: 4). Gasoline and other petroleum products cause similar pollution. These pollutants cause respiratory illnesses and death in humans, produce acid rain that damages buildings and destroys fragile ecosystems, and deplete the ozone layer.
Strong consensus in the scientific community states that climate change and global warming are occurring and are caused by human production of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. Climate change may also damage agriculture, cause widespread extinctions, imperil clean water supplies and aid the spread of tropical diseases.
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