Describe what Montessori meant by’ New Education’
Dr. Maria Montessori is the creator for the Montessori Education Method for a new world who devoted her life to improve children’s education excellence. Her educational method is widely used in schools or at home for children 3 t0 6 years old. Maria Montessori lived through one of the traumatic time eras of the world history, which changed everybody’s lives including children. It was the time of anxiety, cruelty, death, family separation and children facing starvation. Maria Montessori felt the best solution to overcome endless, war, violence and poverty is education. Therefore, Maria Montessori believed educating the next generation will improve children’s live and future of the entire community.
Maria Montessori felt through education every child could reach his or her potential and become a logical thinker and learn things like, tolerance, cooperation and communication. Thus, she reformed the education system by creating this whole new method of education for a brilliant next new generation.”Truly there is an urgent need today of reforming the methods of instruction and education and he who aims at such a renewal is struggling for the next generation of mankind” (The discovery of the child, Topic 1, p.10)
Montessori believed that education should be taught to children naturally and spontaneously. She felt the current education system is very teacher- centered approach rather than child-centered approach. If the education is to be reformed, it has to be child-centered approach meaning the education is focused on the child which gives importance to the child. She wanted children to have the freedom to explore their surroundings and to learn, make choices, connections and communicate. Therefore, she felt it’s time to introduce a new education system that will be focusing on the child.
In order to reform the education system, there are changes that need to be done. The first step would be to make society not to underestimate children and change their perception towards them. The society have to trust children and give them freedom to learn because the society feels if children are given the freedom to do what they want they afraid children might go off the rails. She felt this was the major failure on the education system back in her era where adults failed to understand the child.” The adult has not understood the child or the adolescent and therefore is in continual strife with him. The remedy is not that the adult should learn something intellectually, or complete a deficient culture. He must find a different starting point. The adult must find himself the hitherto unknown error that prevents him from seeing the child as he is” (The discovery of the child, Topic 1, p.11)
Montessori felt parents and teachers should approach child should be passive and communicate in a passive manner in order for a child to thrive, grow and develop.They must know their role as a secondary one and approaching them with humility into knowing how and when to meet children's needs and offering appropriate support at different times.
Montessori said the new education will give the children as an active learner a chance to feel independent, happy, secure and organized within themselves. Therefore she wanted nurture the young’s to be peace loving and to create a non-violence and fearlessness next new generation. She felt that ‘child is not an empty vessel to which the adults can feed their knowledge and experiences to mold and shape them to be the next new generation. She said it is vital for the children gain knowledge naturally on their own experiences, make choices and give them the freedom to be an independent thinker.
Montessori felt adults should realize that children develop and learn through their own pace. Every child has a natural process which he/she develops spontaneously. A child is so inquisitive, he or she explores the environment learning new things and...
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