Dementia can be caused by damage to or changes in the brain. Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause this is when there is progressive loss of nerve cells without known cause. Stroke is the second most common cause of dementia. Dementia caused by stroke is called vascular dementia. CJD is also a form of dementia which is caused by prion disease. Prions are proteins which are found in mammals. When the proteins group together in the brain, they cause brain cells to die which inturn causes dementia syndrome.
1.2 Describe the types of memory impairment commonly experienced by individuals with dementia Memory loss can be the inability to retrieve information from the long-term memory. …show more content…
They will be able to ‘see’ things, items or people, but will not be able to make the connection of what those things, items or people are. People who have damage to the neurons on the left side of the brain tend to be affected by depression. They will have more organisational problems and will have problems using language.
1.4 Explain how other factors can cause changes in an individual’s condition that may not be attributable to dementia
Brain injury - Injuries to the brain can be caused by external trauma such as a blow to the head, or internal factors such as a result of a stroke or aneurism. Medication - Some prescription medications can have side effects which can affect somebody’s memory. Lack of sleep/insomnia People who have difficulty sleeping may experience various health problems including memory difficulties. Diet - Some foods can have an effect on a person’s memory. It is believed foods such as those containing vitamin C and sugars can have an effect on memory
1.5 Explain why the abilities and needs of an individual with dementia may …show more content…
Information can be obtained from GPs’ surgeries, health centres, libraries and the Internet. Internet sites run by organisations such as the Alzheimer’s Society or NHS Direct can be seen as reliable sites. Once the person and their family are aware of how dementia may affect the future, they should be supported to think ahead and be ready for the changes that will follow. The person and their family will need to prepare things not just materially but emotionally as well. At some point the person may require support with toileting and other personal care needs. They may not want their family attending to this sort of personal care and the person who has recieved the diagnosis will want to have their say on their care while they still can before that choice is taken away from them