Describe the Expected Pattern of Children and Young People’s Development from Birth to 19.
Supporting Teaching and Learning in Schools (QCF)
Stages of Child Development
For this unit you will need to be able to describe the expected pattern of development of children and young people from birth to 19 years.
In groups you must complete the attached table to address 2.1: 1.1 and 1.2
2.1: 1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19.
Stage/Area of development | Physical development | Communication and intellectual development | Social, emotional and behavioural development | 0-3 years | Babies are born with little control over their bodies but by 12 months they will have developed some mobility, such as crawling and rolling. In their second year, most babies start to walk, they learn to use their hands for pointing, holding small objects, and start to dress and feed themselves. A lot of babies at this age start to have more control over things like throwing a ball, holding a pencil and turning pages in books. | Although babies are too young to understand what is being said to them it is still important communicate with them as they need to be stimulated and have interest shown in them. Babies who are neglected and not stimulated will find it difficult learning effective communication skills later in life. At this age babies will be listening to language and enjoying songs and games. Most babies start to talk around 12 months, however it will not be clear. Between 12 months and 2 years they will start to put words together and gradually their vocabulary will increase to about 200 words. Between 2 and 3 children will be starting to use negative and plurals in their speech although they will still make mistakes with grammar when speaking. | Very young children will be learning their identities. They will need to form a strong attachment, the earliest of which will be with a parent or carer. In nurseries