1. Know the main stages of child and young person development
1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children’s development from birth to 19 years, to include: a. Physical development b. Communication and intellectual development, c. Social, emotional and behavioural development.
Physical development Communication and intellectual development Social, emotional and behavioural development
0 – 3 years
New born babies have little control over their bodies. Their movement depends on series of reflexes, as they get older they start to develop series of movements and actions called the ‘gross motor skills’ such as crawling, sitting, grabbing, pointing, running rolling, hopping, jumping, and so on.
In their second year, children should have better ability to control their movement. In their third year, children would start to develop some ‘fine motor skills’ such as painting, colouring, and scribbling. They would enjoy looking at, and turning the pages of books. At this age they should be able to use a cup and feed themselves.
Babies will start to be listening to languages around them and enjoy songs and games. Some children will start to speak at 12 months, although not clearly.
By 1st and 2nd years, children will start to put words together and their vocabulary will increase.
Between age 2 and 3, children will start to used negative and plurals in their speech, although they will make errors in their grammar when speaking. Children will be starting to find out about their own identities.
They will form strong attachment to parents and careers.
At this stage children have tantrums through frustration and will want to do things by themselves.
3 – 7 years
At this stage, children will be refining the skills developed so far, they will have more confidence and more control over the fine motor skills such as cutting, writing and drawing. Children become more social and have wider experiences. They ask