Rene Descartes, a rationalist, said that each person contains the criteria for truth and knowledge in them. Finding truth and knowledge comes from the individual themselves, not necessarily from God. Descartes also believed that reason is the same for every single person. Descartes believed that nothing could be true unless we as humans could perceive it. He also believed that you could break down things into smaller simpler parts. Descartes also believed that there was a relationship between the mind and body. He also believed that the idea of being perfect originated from God since God himself was perfect. He also integrates his mathematical concepts into his methodology. Descartes also applied doubt to his ideas before he granted complete certainty to them. Descartes famous quote is "I think therefore I am." David Hume, an empiricist, wanted to explain knowledge on a non-theological basis. Hume believed that a priori ideas did not exist and that our ideas are not innate but derived from experience of perceptions. He believed these perceptions could be divided into impressions and ideas. He believed that humans learned through impressions and if there are no impressions then there is no idea. Unlike Descartes, Hume believed that every persons perceptions were his alone and different from other peoples. Hume believed in cause and effect. Hume also recognized matters of fact, which is reasoning derived from our senses, for example, the sun will rise tomorrow. Hume's beliefs on cause and effect, he believed that causes were not uncertain. Hume was also a skeptical philosopher unlike Descartes. In my opinion I think Hume was more practical in his philosophies that that of Descartes. Hume only accepted things that he perceived through his senses. One can have ideas about what things would be of look like only if they have some idea about them. If we say for example a mountain made out of gold, we most likely have never seen a gold mountain. We
Descartes VS Hume
René Descartes and David Hume touched upon epistemology on the same question, “where does human knowledge come from?” They both came to very different conclusions. Descartes claimed that our knowledge came from human reasoning alone and this is an absolute certainty principle. This faculty of reasoning is innate tool that came with human species. He called this tool, “mind,” which is separated from our body. Hume on the other hand, claimed that human learned from observing the….
Another marked difference between Hume and Descartes’ approaches to knowledge is a matter of existence. As specified by David Hume, a person can know that they exist because they use their senses to become aware of their bodily state. Their senses relay information to the brain that can be processed to form thoughts and conclusions. On the other hand, Descartes rationalizes that a person can know they exist because they are a thing that thinks, not because their “deceitful” sense told them so. Descartes’s….
Descartes divides ideas into three kinds: innate ideas, adventitious ideas, and factitious ideas. He says, “among my ideas, some appear to be innate, some appear to be adventitious, and other have been invented by me. My understanding of what a thing is, what truth is, and what thought is, seems to derive simply from my own nature. But my hearing a noise, as I do now, or seeing the sun, or feeling the fire, comes from things which are located outside me, or so I have hitherto judged. Lastly,….
and through skepticism the modern world began. The French philosopher, René Descartes who implemented reason to find truth, as well as the British empiricist David Hume with his usage of analytic-synthetic distinction, most effectively utilized the practices of skepticism in the modern world.
René Descartes was the first philosopher to introduce the intellectual system known as "radical doubt." According to Descartes, everything he had learned before could have possibly been tainted by society….
Rene Descartes was a rationalist, meaning he thought that reason alone, not sensation or experience, was the source to attaining knowledge about the eternal truths of the universe, such as mathematics, epistemology, metaphysics and the existence of God. He excluded physics from this list, admitting that knowledge of physics only comes through experience (Descartes). Regardless, his rationalistic epistemology made it so that Descartes could only accept the truth about something if it was based upon….
established by sensual experience: touch, taste, smell, et al. Rene Descartes, a philosopher and rationalist concluded that one self was merely a continuous awareness of one’s own existence; one’s substance was one’s ability to think. On the other hand, David Hume, an empiricist refuted Descartes conclusion and claimed that the concept of self was nonsense, the idea could not be linked to any sensual experience. Ultimately, Hume concluded that there was no such thing as self, i.e. self does not actually….
Descartes, Hume and Skepticism
Descartes is responsible for the skepticism that has been labeled Cartesian doubt. Hume critiques this skepticism in his Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding. After his discussion of Cartesian doubt, he offers a different type of skepticism that he considers as being more effective philosophically. Is Hume right in his characterization of Cartesian doubt and is the skepticism he offers better?
Descartes introduced the idea of universal doubt to philosophy. If….
Descartes and Hume: Piece of Wax
In Descartes’ “Meditation II,” he begins his look into sensory perceptions with a very in-depth look into a plain piece of wax. He explains that there is a very distinct piece of wax, perhaps from a fresh honeycomb. All the physical attributes of this wax can be observed; feel, temperature, color, taste, smell, odor; these are the things we can tell through our senses. He then melts away the wax, and the things our senses had perceived are no longer there….
Introduction to Philosphy
Descartes vs Hume
Epistemology is a branch of philosophy that focuses on the theories of knowledge and justified beliefs. There are various methods that philosophers choose to arrive at knowledge and detect what can be true. Some of the philosophers that have played an important role in epistemology are René Descartes and David Hume. Even though they had spent their time doubting the sources of human knowledge, their approach was different although they….
Hume and Descartes on The Theory of Ideas
David Hume and Rene Descartes are philosophers with opposing views about
the origination of ideas. Descartes believed there were three types of ideas
which are, innate, adventitious and those from imagination. He stated since he
exists and his idea of what a perfect being is, such as God, then God exists.
Hume, on the other had, believed ideas came only from one thing, impressions.
Both theories have their strengths and weaknesses but I like Hume's theory….