Descartes

Topics: Epistemology, Mind, René Descartes Pages: 4 (1428 words) Published: February 2, 2014


What is Descartes' Method of investigation called? How does he use this method to question what his senses tell him? Why does his primary reason for not trusting his senses fail to cast doubt on the truths of arithmetic and geometry? Is there any way, according to Descartes, of raising doubt about even these truths? Are all truths brought into doubt by this method? Does any belief survive? The first magnificent philosopher of the modern era was the Frenchman Rene’ Descartes. He began his career by trying to set forth the basic principal of new scientific method that was first introduced by Galileo. His work was based on the provisions of foundation for the advancement of human knowledge through natural science. At the same time he wished to show that his new methodical work was consistent with Christianity, and did not provide any threat to it. The philosophical writings for which he is remembered and highly admired are hence, extremely cautious in their treatment of controversial issues. Descartes’s book of philosophy, called Meditations, granted him the title of father of Epistemology. His principal aim of the book was to provide a foundation for scientific knowledge based on the mind and not on the senses. He also wanted to show how science and religion can be compatible by separating the body and mind. To discover a firm foundation of absolute certainty on which he can build his new system of knowledge, Descartes chose to use a method called “radical doubt,” trough which he would doubt everything that could possibly be doubted, until he can discover any suggestion that is logically undeniable. If such a thing is proofed to exist, it would be the base of all knowledge. Descartes did not start with examining his believes individually. Instead, he went straight to the principles on which all former knowledge he had from experience and education was rested on. He immediately inspects a structure that supports information about the...
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