Running head: CAUSES, SYMPTOMS, & TREATMENT OF DEPRESSION
Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of Depression
Faulkner State Community College
Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment of Depression
Do you ever feel sad, lonely, hopeless, or suicidal? According to the National Institute of Mental Health website, Depression is the leading cause for mental disability in the U.S. for ages 15-44. Depressionpreception.com states that nearly twice as many women (12.0 percent) as men (6.6 percent) are affected by a depressive disorder each year. These figures translate to 12.4 million women and 6.4 million men in the U.S. Major Depression is a debilitating disease, yet manageable with the right medication and psychotherapy.
The causes of Depression vary from person to person. There are several different causes of Depression. A patient may perhaps have only one cause, yet another patient may possible show more than one source of triggers that cause their depression. This paper will mention only a few of the most commonly known causes of depression. Depression as a result of attachment problems or abuse is a consequence of a loss early in life or collapse of a reliable encouraging family unit for the growing child. Situational or stress-induced depression is set off by recurring and severe stress, which can diminish the brain of critical neurotransmitters. Posttraumatic stress depression can stem from a disturbing occurrence during childhood such a natural disaster, medical trauma or injury or a combat-related event. Chromosomal susceptibility can also be a factor when it comes to depression. If your parents or grandparents were diagnosed with manic depression, then you have a greater chance of being diagnosed with depression yourself. (The 10 Best-Ever Depression Management Techniques).
Symptoms of depression are most likely to fall into one of four categories. Emotional, cognitive, motivational and somatic/behavioral are the major headings in which the symptoms of depression fall under. Some patients have the appearance of one or more of the categories of
Causes, Symptoms, & Treatments of Depression
Depression. Some patients even show nearly all of the symptoms from all four categories of depression. (The 10 Best-Ever Depression Management Techniques).
Tearfulness, crying, increased irritability, and feeling sad (dysphoric) are the most recognizable of the emotional signs of depression. Excessive guilt, negative thoughts about oneself, shortage of self-esteem or worth, notions of suicide, and constant struggles to concentrate, making decisions, and remembering information are inclinations of cognitive symptoms of depression. Decline in sex drive, lethargy, not wanting to take part in enjoyable events that you liked before the depression set in, and not having any drive to do day-to-day activities. Weight issues such as gaining or losing, psychomotor agitation or retardation, variations in sleep patterns, for example, excessive sleep or insomnia, habitual aches and pains not caused by an injury are all illustrations of the somatic and behavioral signs of depression. (Psychology Sixth Edition).
There are multiple varieties of treatment for depression. Traditionally medications in conjunction with psychotherapy have been the most effective in treating depression. Not all medications work well with some patients. Certain patients may have to combine more than one medication for operational management of depression. Then, of course, there are a range of alternative treatments for patients with depression as well.
The most collective strategy for depression is psychotherapy and an antidepressant medication, such as Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs), Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), and Serotonin Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs). (The...
References: Davis, S. F., & Palladino, J. J. (2010). Psychology (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River [N.J.: Prentice Hall.
How to Overcome Depression | Dealing with Depression. (n.d.). How to Overcome Depression | Dealing with Depression. Retrieved July 18, 2013, from http://www.depressionperception.com
NIMH Â· The Numbers Count: Mental Disorders in America. (n.d.). NIMH Â· Home. Retrieved July 18, 2013, from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/the-numbers-count-mental-disorders-in-america/index.shtml
Quinn, B. (1997). The depression sourcebook. Los Angeles: Lowell House ;.
Wehrenberg, M. (2010). The 10 best-ever depression management techniques: understanding how your brain makes you depressed & what you can do to change it. New York: W.W. Norton.
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