Research has shown that depression is a very complex topic. The word depression is used in many different ways. Having depression is hardly just "being sad", or not being able to "get over" something. There are many factors that cause/lead to depression. Many people believe that depression is caused by a result of one’s life situations; abuse, long term poverty, victim of a crime, long term illness, death of a loved one, or divorce, which would be considered a cognitive perspective. Depression has been found to have no single cause and often involves the interaction of many diverse biological, psychological, and social factors (Kelly, Jorm, Kitchener, and Langlands, 2008). We need to understand that each and every individual case is different in a person dealing with depression. Depression is a real health problem. We should never make fun or light of someone who is really having a hard time battling depression. Simple things we may feel are easy to do like cleaning up the house, taking the dog for a walk or preparing dinner may not be very practical for someone suffering from depression. Clinical Depression
Merriam-Webster’s dictionary defines a mood disorder: any of several psychological disorders (as major depressive disorder or bipolar disorder) characterized by abnormalities of emotional state. Clinical depression is classified as a mood disorder.
According to the American Psychiatric Association (2000), a person who is clinically depressed would have at least one of the following two symptoms, nearly every day, for at least 2 weeks; an unusually sad mood and/or a loss of enjoyment and interest in activities that used to be enjoyable. Clinical depression often causes a person to have a sense of failure and worthlessness, with a negative self-image: I will never amount to anything. Why does everyone else succeed? No one loves me. Or there may be pessimism about life or the future: What is the point of living. Nothing good will ever happen....
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