Topics: Major depressive disorder, Bipolar disorder, Seasonal affective disorder Pages: 4 (1088 words) Published: March 9, 2014

Depression and Genetics
Depression is the feeling of extreme sadness, loneliness, hopelessness, helplessness, and worthlessness, which proceed for weeks and prevent normal functioning. It is normal to feel sad and depressed when a significant negative change has happened in one’s life, it is considered an appropriate behavior as long as one can overcome it and resume to normal functioning within a considerable period of time. In my paper, I will be discussing Depression illness, the main causes of this disorder and its treatment; also several factors that linked this syndrome to genetics, describing different studies that have lead researchers to important discoveries in the health field.

Several of the factors enhancing depression are generally physiological, personal, environmental an also genetics. Age is also an important factor; the range between 35 and 45 has the highest incidence of depression especially in women. Pregnancy and postpartum are vital stages of women with an increased risk of depression due to hormonal alterations occurred during this period. Stress, anxiety, problems in the labor sphere as well as with the family and poor interpersonal relationships are relevant reasons that can also be triggering depression illness. Dependence or habitual consume of alcohol or drugs raises the risk of depression.

There are several symptoms that may arise during depression, the more signs will appear and the more severe they are, the harder the recovery will be. Perhaps the signs differ between individuals the most common appear to be depressed mood for long periods of time preventing the individual to perform daily functions properly. Disinterest in previously pleasurable activities, lack of emotional responses, sleep disturbances, decreased appetite and loss of self-esteem and self-confidence, all these symptoms are commonly accompanied by recurrent thoughts of death or suicide and even attempts of death. Depression also comes along with...

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