Depression: Major Depressive Disorder and Major Life Changes

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Depression

All depression types are not the same, for there are various types of depressions and it’s different for each person that experiences them. Major depression, also known as clinical depression, and chronic depression, also known as dysthymia, are the most common types. But there are also other types of depression with unique signs, symptoms, and treatment. This research paper discusses major depression and dysthymia but mentions the various other forms of depressions.
Major depression has many names that it can be referenced by: unipolar disorder, major depressive disorder and clinical depression. It all means the same thing; this type of depression is when the person’s disorder interferes with their everyday life. This makes it difficult for a person to work, sleep, study, eat, and enjoy activities that they once liked. Major depression last longer than a few days; it takes place everyday for at least two weeks. It can prevent someone from functioning properly. Symptoms of this type of depression is fatigue, unintentional weight loss or gain, irritability, insomnia, hypersomnia (excessive sleeping), hallucination, feelings of worthlessness or guilt, impaired concentration and recurring thoughts of death or suicide.
When one talks about any type of depression, one of the first questions that come to mind is ‘who is at risk?’ According to the National Institute of Mental Health, major depression affects about 6.7% of the U.S. population over the age of 18 and between 20% and 25% of adults may suffer an episode of major depression. Major depression can happen to anyone and surprisingly, it affects older adults, teens, and children, but usually goes undiagnosed and untreated for them- which explains why there aren't as many statistics for their populations. Almost twice as many women as men have major depression because women go through many hormonal changes during puberty, menstruation and pregnancy that can increase the risk of developing major

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