Topics: Major depressive disorder, Bipolar disorder, Suicide Pages: 5 (2139 words) Published: December 19, 2014
Depression is a manic-depressive form of an attack. With low emotional, mental retardation, and speech movements decreased slowly for the typical symptoms. In patients with severe depression troubled life and work, to family and society of the heavy burden, about 15% of patients with depression die by suicide. World Health Organization, the World Bank and Harvard University, a joint study shows that depression has become the world's disease burden of disease is the second serious illness. Caused by depression of factors including: genetic factors, physical factors, central nervous system function and metabolic abnormalities medium, spiritual factors. 1. Basic Information

Depression is a common mental illness, mainly for depression, interest reduction, pessimistic, thinking slow, lack of initiative, self-blame from the offense, diet, sleep is poor, worried about their suffering from various diseases, many feel that the body discomfort, serious suicidal thoughts and behavior can occur. Depression is the highest suicide rate in psychiatric illness. A high incidence of depression, and almost every seven adults have a depressive patient, so it is called the common cold of psychiatry. Depression has become the global burden of disease to humans poses a major burden in the second major diseases, for patients and their families suffering caused by the loss to society caused by other diseases can not be compared. The main reason for this situation is the community's lack of proper understanding of depression, prejudice so that patients are reluctant to psychiatric treatment. On the other hand, because people lack the knowledge about depression, the emergence of depressive symptoms were mistaken for low spirits can not be given due understanding and emotional support to patients result in greater psychological pressure, so that further deterioration.

2. Depression Types
The following three different kinds of depression are distinct depressive disorders described in the DSM. A common criteria is that their symptoms either cause 1) significant distress or 2) impair one’s functioning (e.g. work, school, relationships). Also, these depressive symptoms are not caused by a medical condition or substance (e.g. medication, drug). Major Depressive Disorder (also known as Major Depression, Clinical Depression) – A major depressive episode occurs with symptoms that last for most of the day, nearly every day for at least two weeks. A symptom must either be 1) depressed mood or 2) a noticeable decrease in interest or pleasure in all or most activities. At least four (or more) additional symptoms are present: significant weight loss / weight gain or decrease / increase in appetite difficulty sleeping or increase in sleeping

excessive movement or slowing down associated with mental tension (observed by others) fatigue or loss of energy
feeling worthless or excessive guilt
difficulty thinking, concentrating or making decisions
repeatedly thinking about death or suicide, trying to attempt suicide or having a specific plan to commit suicide Dysthymic Disorder (or also referred to as Dysthymia) – Nearly constant depressed mood for at least 2 years accompanied by at least two (or more) of the following: decrease or increase in eating

difficulty sleeping or increase in sleeping
low energy or fatigue
low self-esteem
difficulty concentrating or making decisions
feeling hopeless
Symptoms do not occur for more than two months at a time. Generally, this type of depression is described as having persistent but less severe depressive symptoms than Major Depression. Manic Depression (now known as Bipolar Disorder) – This kind of depression includes periods of mania and depression. Cycling between these two states can be rapid or only mania can be present without any depressive episodes. A manic episode consists of a persistent elevated or irritable mood that is extreme, which lasts for at least one week. At least three (four if...

References: Dr. Joanne Chao. Types of Depression: Definitions and Terminology
Web site:
Wikipedia. Types of psychological depression
Web site:
MedlinePlus. Depression
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