Denver Youth Study

Topics: Juvenile delinquency, Crime, Longitudinal study Pages: 10 (3335 words) Published: January 22, 2010
The Denver Youth Survey, Pittsburgh Youth Study and The Rochester Youth Development Study was a longitudinal project conducted to research and conclude such findings as, steady change of delinquency, drug use, damage produced to youths records due to reoccuring arrest and victimization derived from the isolation of these youths. The Denver Youth Survey,

randomly sampled households in high-risk neighborhoods of Denver Colorado. 1,527 youths (806 boys and 721 girls) ages 7, 9, 11, 13, and 15 were surveyed respondents.

Interviews were conducted annually from 1988 to 1992 with the youth and only one caretaker.

These high-crime-rate neighborhoods were a target and

The purpose of this study was to explore the changes in the nature of delinquency and drug use. The Pittsburgh Youth Study,
featured a random sample study of only boys. These males were in first, fourth or seventh grade.

The youths featured attended Pittsburgh Pennsylvania, public school system from 1987-1988. The team that conducted this study used their initial screening to ween out boys with the most disruptive behavior within the 30% percentile rate, while randomly selecting from the 70 percent that showed less disruptive behavior. The sample contained roughly 500 boys at each grade level for a total of 1,517 boys. Each students' primary caregiver was interviewed at 6 month intervals for the first 5 years. Teacher's rating of each student was also obtained. Fourth graders were discontinued after seven assessments. First and seventh graders are curently being interviewed annually. Eighty-five percent of the participants remain in the study. The Rochester Youth Development Study

sample consisted of 1,000 students. 729 boys and 271 girls in the seventh and eighth grades of The Rochester New York public school system during the 1988 school year. Though both genders were included in the study males were the focus of this sample because they are more likely than their female counterparts to engage in serious acts of delinquency. Also, high-crime areas were oversampled based on the assumption that youths in these areas are at greater risk for offendeng. Youth and parents were interviewed at 6 month intervals from 1988 to 1992. The differences involving these three studies was the prevalence of the studies themselves. The Denver Youth Survey focused on exploring the changes in nature of delinquency and drug use. The Pittsburgh Youth Study concentrated on the question of how and why boys become involved in delinquency and other problem behaviors. Whereas, the Rochester Youth Development Study centered their attention on investigating the causes and consequences of adolescent delinquency and drug use. These three studies were targeting three different aspects of youth delinquency their causes and effects, prevention and the possible consequences that will follow. Another difference is how often the interviews were conducted. The Denver Youth Survey conducted interviews annually, while, the Pittsburgh Youth Study and Rochester Youth Development Study conducted them every six months. The similarities of these studies included, poor parenting within the home (whether from not enough resources or not being able to provide youth with their basic needs). Another similarity, is where these studies were conducted in high-crime areas within the scope of Denver, Pittsburgh and Rochester. Delinquent attitudes from the onset of these studies were an early predicter of delinquency in most cases. All the studies were linked by interviews whether bi-annually or annually; the progression or regression on a longitudinal scale of all the youths participating were recorded. The weakness of these studies included, the controlled variable should have been met with the consistency of the youth respondents. Each group had a different amount of respondents, different ages of the respondents and different...

References: Elrod, P., & Ryder, R. S. (2005). Juvenile Justice: A social, historical, and legal perspective (2nd ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
Lozada, J. L. (2009, February). Program of research on the causes and correlates of delinquency [Handout, Week 2]. Queens, NY: SOC 217, Queen
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