Dengue Fever

Powerful Essays
Dengue and Its Prevention Dengue fever is a disease caused by a family of viruses that are transmitted by mosquitoes. It is an acute illness of sudden onset that usually follows a benign course with symptoms such as headache, fever, exhaustion, severe muscle and joint pain, swollen glands (lymphadenopathy), and rash. The presence (the "dengue triad") of fever, rash, and headache (and other pains) is particularly characteristic of dengue. Other signs of dengue fever include bleeding gums, severe pain behind the eyes, and red palms and soles. Dengue (pronounced DENG-gay) strikes people with low levels of immunity. Because it is caused by one of four serotypes of virus, it is possible to get dengue fever multiple times. However, an attack of dengue produces immunity for a lifetime to that particular serotype to which the patient was exposed. Dengue goes by other names, including "breakbone" or "dandy fever." Victims of dengue often have contortions due to the intense joint and muscle pain, hence the name breakbone fever. Slaves in the West Indies who contracted dengue were said to have dandy fever because of their postures and gait. Dengue hemorrhagic fever is a more severe form of the viral illness. Manifestations include headache, fever, rash, and evidence of hemorrhage in the body. Petechiae (small red or purple blisters under the skin), bleeding in the nose or gums, black stools, or easy bruising are all possible signs of hemorrhage. This form of dengue fever can be life-threatening and can progress to the most severe form of the illness, dengue shock syndrome. The transmission of the virus to mosquitoes must be interrupted to prevent the illness. To this end, patients are kept under mosquito netting until the second bout of fever is over and they are no longer contagious. The prevention of dengue requires control or eradication of the mosquitoes carrying the virus that causes dengue. In nations

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Better Essays

    Dengue Fever

    • 1663 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Dengue fever Spring 2009 Abstract Dengue Fever: is an infectious disease, which it is caused by tiny pathogenic (harmful) organisms that can be contagious by spreading among people upon contact with an infected person. (Tirtha Chakraborty, 2008) “Dengue is the most common and widespread arthropod-borne viral infection in the world.” (World Health Organization, 2008) The mosquito Aedes aegypti, who feed during the day are the transmitters of the virus. They are found in the tropic…

    • 1663 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Dengue Fever

    • 745 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The dengue virus is transmitted to humans via the bite of a mosquito. The principle mosquito species is known as Aedes aegypti. This mosquito is found all over the world, and, throughout time, became adapted to urban environments. For example, the mosquito evolved so as to be capable of living year round in moist storage containers, rather than relying on the seasonal patterns of rainfall. Another species, Aedes albopictus (the "Tiger mosquito"), is widespread throughout Asia. Both mosquitoes are…

    • 745 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Dengue Fever

    • 503 Words
    • 3 Pages

    INTRODUCTION Dengue fever Dengue fever (UK /ˈdɛŋɡeɪ/ or US /ˈdɛŋɡiː/), also known as breakbone fever, is an infectious tropical diseasecaused by the dengue virus. Symptoms include fever,headache, muscle and joint pains, and a characteristicskin rash that is similar to measles. In a small proportion of cases the disease develops into the life-threateningdengue hemorrhagic fever, resulting in bleeding, low levels of blood platelets and blood plasma leakage, or into dengue shock syndrome, where…

    • 503 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Dengue Fever

    • 1116 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Dengue fever is a disease caused by one of a number of viruses that are carried by mosquitoes. These mosquitoes then transmit the virus to humans. The virus that causes dengue fever is called an arbovirus, which stands for arthropod-borne virus. Mosquitoes are a type of arthropod. In a number of regions, mosquitoes carry this virus and are responsible for passing it along to humans. These regions include the Middle East, the far East, Africa, and the Caribbean Islands. In these locations, the…

    • 1116 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Dengue Fever

    • 344 Words
    • 2 Pages

    DENGUE Dengue is an acute fever caused by a virus. It occurs in two forms: (a) Dengue Fever (b) Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever The high fever continues for five to six days. It comes down on the third or the fourth day but rises again. The patient feels much discomfort and is very weak after the illness. Dengue spreads rapidly and may affect large number of people during an epidemic resulting in reduced work productivity, but most importantly causing the loss of lives. Causes Dengue is spread…

    • 344 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Dengue Fever

    • 252 Words
    • 2 Pages

    include dengue hemorrhagic fever, a rare complication characterized by high fever, damage to lymph and blood vessels, bleeding from the nose and gums, enlargement of the liver, and failure of the circulatory system. The symptoms may progress to massive bleeding, shock, and death. This is called dengue shock syndrome (DSS). People with weakened immune systems as well as those with a second or subsequent dengue infection are believed to be at greater risk for developing dengue hemorrhagic fever. Diagnosing…

    • 252 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Dengue Fever

    • 1351 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Dengue Fever Kimberly A. Bitanga Microbiology Professor J. Gray Dengue Fever Abstract Dengue fever is a debilitating tropical disease caused by one of five types of the dengue virus.(1) It is transmitted by mosquitos throughout the tropics and subtropics of not only Southeast Asia, but has now spread to Central and South America, and countries in the Pacific Ocean and America as well. Usually, most people who are infected with the virus are asymptomatic, with mild symptoms, whereas others develop…

    • 1351 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Dengue Fever

    • 2014 Words
    • 9 Pages

    Dengue fever Dengue fever is a virus-based disease spread by mosquitoes. Dengue fever is caused by one of four different but related viruses. It is spread by the bite of mosquitoes, most commonly the mosquito Aedesaegypti, which is found in tropic and subtropic regions. This includes parts of: * Indonesian archipelago into northeastern Australia * South and Central America * Southeast Asia * Sub-Saharan Africa Dengue fever is being seen more in world travelers. Dengue fever…

    • 2014 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Dengue Fever

    • 1904 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Dengue fever, also known as breakbone fever, is a mosquito-borne infection that causes a severe flu-like illness. There are four different viruses that can cause denguefever, all of which spread by a certain type of mosquito. Dengue can vary from mild to severe; the more severe forms include dengue shock syndrome and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). Patients who develop the more serious forms of dengue fever usually need to be hospitalized. There are currently no vaccines for Dengue fever. The…

    • 1904 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Dengue Fever

    • 390 Words
    • 2 Pages

    : 1 – 2 , side : Chest GENERAL APPEARENCE : Received lying on bed, conscious and coherent. Pale and has general flushing with rashes. Reason for admission : complaint cough ++ Admitting diagnosis : Viral fever / acute bronchitis 26 / 12 / 2012 – confirmed diagnosis : Dengue Fever HEAD TO TOE ASSESSMENT Area Assessed | Normal Findings | Actual Findings | Remarks | Head | * Round and symmetrical * Smooth, without masses or depressions, nontender. | Round and symmetrical. Smooth…

    • 390 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays