Dengue is one of the major problem of the Philippines, According to the World Health Organization (WHO) Dengue is found in tropical and sub-tropical regions around the world, predominantly in urban and semi-urban areas. Furthermore, The Philippines ranks among the top 10 countries with the most recorded dengue cases. Dengue is an acute infectious disease and severe, flu like illness that affects infants, young children and adults but seldom to death, virus are transmitted to humans through the bites of infective female Aedis aegypti mosquitoes, symptoms appear 3-14 days after infective bite include sudden onset of high fever which may last 2 to 7 days, joint and muscle pain and pain behind the eyes , weakness, skin rashes, nose bleeding, abdominal pain, vomiting of coffee colored.
The department of health (DOH) released last august 12, 2010 on Dengue statistics in the Philippines was alarming. According of DOH the number of dengue cases has roused to 48% from January to the last of July this year recording a total of 40,648 cases. Since it’s rainy season now in the Philippines the rate of dengue cases is believed to increase even more.
According of World Health Organization (WHO) to prevent dengue is to implemented using environmental management and chemical methods, proper solid waste disposal and improved water storage practices, including covering containers to prevent access by egg-laying female mosquitoes are among methods that are encouraged through community-based programmes
Grade 1- fever and non-specific symptoms (nausea and vomiting ,pain, weakness),positive tourniquet test
Grade 2-all sign of grade+ spontaneous bleeding from the gums, nose, gastrointestinal
Grade 3- presence of circulatory failure manifested by weak pulse, narrow pulse pressure, hypotension, cold clammy skin and restlessness
Grade 4- profound shock, undetectable blood pressure and pulse