Democracy Is a Best Form of Government

Topics: London Eye, Ferris wheel, London Pages: 5 (1667 words) Published: June 18, 2013
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London Eye
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The London Eye|
|
General information|
Status| Complete|
Type| Ferris wheel|
Location| South Bank of the River Thames,London Borough of Lambeth| Coordinates| 51.5033°N 0.1197°WCoordinates: 51.5033°N 0.1197°W| Inaugurated| 31 December 1999
Opened: 9 March 2000|
Cost| £70 million[1]|
Height| 135 metres (443 ft)[2]|
Technical details|
Diameter| 120 metres (394 ft)[2]|
Design and construction|
Architect| Frank Anatole, Nic Bailey, Julia Barfield, Steve Chilton, Malcolm Cook, David Marks, Mark Sparrowhawk[3]| Architecture firm| Marks Barfield Architects[4]|
Engineer| Arup[citation needed]|
The London Eye is a giant Ferris wheel situated on the banks of the River Thames inLondon, England. The entire structure is 135 metres (443 ft) tall and the wheel has a diameter of 120 metres (394 ft). It is the tallest Ferris wheel in Europe, and the most popular paid tourist attraction in the United Kingdom, visited by over 3.5 million people annually.[5] When erected in 1999 it was the tallest Ferris wheel in the world, until surpassed first by the 160 m (520 ft) Star of Nanchang in 2006 and then the 165 m (541 ft) Singapore Flyer in 2008. Supported by anA-frame on one side only, unlike the taller Nanchang and Singapore wheels, the Eye is described by its operators as "the world's tallest cantilevered observation wheel".[6] It offered the highest public viewing point in the city[citation needed] until it was superseded by the 245-metre (804 ft)[7] observation deck on the 72nd floor of The Shard, which opened to the public on 1 February 2013.[8] The London Eye, or Millennium Wheel, was officially called the British Airways London Eye and then the Merlin Entertainments London Eye. Since 20 January 2011, its official name is the EDF Energy London Eye[9] following a three-year sponsorship deal. The London Eye adjoins the western end of Jubilee Gardens, on the South Bank of the River Thames between Westminster Bridge and Hungerford Bridge, in the London Borough of Lambeth. The site is adjacent to that of the former Dome of Discovery, which was built for the Festival of Britain in 1951. Contents  [hide]  * 1 Design and construction * 2 History * 3 Financial difficulties * 4 Critical reception * 5 Predecessor * 6 Transport links * 7 In popular culture * 8 References * 9 External links| -------------------------------------------------

Design and construction [edit]

Supported by an A-frame on one side only, the Eye is described by its operators as a cantilevered observation wheel The London Eye was designed by architects Frank Anatole, Nic Bailey, Steve Chilton, Malcolm Cook, Mark Sparrowhawk, and the husband-and-wife team of Julia Barfield and David Marks.[3][10] Mace were responsible for construction management, with Hollandia as the main steelwork contractor and Tilbury Douglas as the civil contractor. Consulting engineers Tony Gee & Partners designed the foundation works while Beckett Rankine designed the marine works.[citation needed] Nathaniel Lichfield and Partners assisted The Tussauds Group in obtaining planning and listed building consent to alter the wall on the South Bank of the Thames. They also examined and reported on the implications of a Section 106 agreement attached to the original contract.[citation needed]Later,[when?] they also prepared planning and listed building consent applications for the permanent retention of the attraction, which involved the co-ordination of an Environmental Statement and the production of a planning supporting statement detailing the reasons for its retention.[11]

The spindle, hub, and tensioned cables that support the rim
The rim of the Eye is supported by tensioned steel cables[citation needed] and resembles a huge spokedbicycle wheel. The lighting was redone with LED lighting from Color Kinetics in December...
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