Dementia Unit

Topics: Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Memory Pages: 3 (924 words) Published: January 25, 2015
Describe a range of causes of DEMENTIA SYNDROME
Dementia is a group of signs and symptoms that affect nerve cells, communication, Memory impairment, Language, Failure to recognise people. Dementia covers Alzheimer Disease, Vascular dementia with Lewy bodies, Pick disease and Huntington Disease. Describe the types of memory impairment commonly experienced by INDIVIDUALS with dementia Memory impairment affects individuals with a decline in memory function, loss of memory, Trouble in problem solving, Loss of skills and also mobility. Explain the way that individuals process information with reference to the abilities and limitations of individuals with dementia Individuals with dementia experience difficulties in interpreting information these include visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, colour vision and depth perception. As individuals we have two types of memory long and short term. Short term memory occurs within the last few minutes, long term is past memories. Individuals with dementia have short term memory. Alzheimer Disease- Causes visual function and difficulties in recalling events. Vascular disease- Causes delusions

Pick Disease- Causes problems with sight and hearing
Dementia with lewy bodies- Causes visual Hallucinations
Huntington’s disease- Hallucinations and head turning
Explain how other factors can cause changes in an individual’s condition that may not be attributable to dementia Other factors which cause changes can be depression and confusion which can be similar to dementia such as cataracts or glaucoma which affects vision. Tinnitus which affects hearing and osteoporosis which causes fear of falling.

Explain why the abilities and needs of an individual with dementia may fluctuate Environmental factors may also affect changes with an individuals with dementia, such as moving house ,going into a care home, hospital, change of personnel or death of a family member, changes in treatment, medication. Describe the impact of early...
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