Dementia awareness

Topics: Alzheimer's disease, Traumatic brain injury, Cerebrum Pages: 5 (1309 words) Published: March 1, 2014
Dementia awareness

Outcome 1Understand what dementia is
1. Explain what is meant by the term ’dementia’
Dementia is a non-specific illness syndrome with serious loss of global cognitive ability. It can be static or progressive. More common above the age of 65 but can occur before that age, when it’s called „early on set dementia”. It can occur becouse of a brain injury (e.g. stroke) or with a disease or damage in the body (e.g. Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson disease). The main signs and symptoms are short term memory loss, mental and behavioral problems, language problems, decreased problem solving. 2. Describe the key functions of the brain that are affercted by dementia Frontal lobe

Loss of spontaneity., flexibilty, concentration. Changes in mood, personality, behaviour. Decreased ability of compley movements. Difficulty with language, communication, problem solving. Parietal lobe

Difficulties with communication, hand- and eye coordination  therefor problems with reading, writing or drawing. Problems to discern left side from right. Problems with concentration. Lack of awarness of surrounding space. Temporal lobe

Difficulty with identification even with familiar faces. Problems with speech and/ or understanding spoken words. Short term memory loss. Agressive behaviour. Changes in sexual behaviour. Occipital lobe

Difficulty with colours, locating object, reading and writing. Can couse hallucinations. Cerebellum
Loss of ability to walk, fine movements, compley movements. Tremors and vertigo. As loss of ability of fine movements can affect speech too.

3. Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia Depression: Due to similiar symptoms like changes in mood and interest, problems with memory, changes in sleeping habits, socialy isolated depression can be confused with dementia, but depression is caused by chemical imbalances in the brain. Delirium: Due to similiar symptoms like confusion, changes in mood and behaviour, activity level, hallucination, but delirium is a medical condition and has short duration: can last from hours to weeks. Age related memory impairment: As the body getting older the functioning of the brain is also get reduced providing symptoms like being forgetful, missplacing objects, learning difficulties, memory problems. Outcome 2Understand key features of the theoretical models of dementia 1. Outline the medical model of dementia

This model treats dementia as a medical issue, as a disease. Focusing on the person with dementia as a problem. This model does not help the individual in it’s own life support but making it dependant. 2. Outline the social model of dementia

This model focuses on the individual trying to arrange a valuable life for him/her considering the individual’s biography, life style, needs and circumstances. 3. Explain why dementia should be viewed as a disability

Dementia is a mental imairment which has a substantial and long term effect on ability to perform a normal day-to-day activities beseem the criterions of The Equality Act 2010. Becouse of the damage to the brain dementia cab affect different areas of functioning like physical, emotional impairment, problems with socializing, maintaining functions of daily routines, visual problems, communication problems. Outcome 3Know the most common types of dementia and their causes 1. List the common causes of dementia

a) Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB)
b) Alzheimer’s disease
c) Vascular dementia
d) Frontotemporal dementia
2. Describe the likely signs and symptoms of the most common causes of dementia a) DLB: Lewy bodies are an abnormal collections of protein in the nerve cells. Degeneration and death of nerve cells in the brain. People with DLB loose the ability to reason. It has effect on communication, short-term memory, concentration. Can also cause visual hallucinations. Mouscles become stiff. b) Caused by Alzheimer’s disease. Worsens as it progresses. Destroys...
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