Running head: DEMENTIA AND ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE
Dementia and Alzheimer’s disease
What is Dementia? Dementia is the basic term for loss of memory, and other mental abilities severe enough to interfere with everyday living. How many types of dementia are there? There are seven. And they are Alzheimer’s disease which is the most common type of this disease. But there are several other forms of dementia. Including Creutzfeldt - Jakob disease, this is rare, degenerative and invariably fatal brain disorder and affects one person in every one million worldwide. Dementia with Lewy Bodies is another form of dementia that is commonly known type of progressive dementia. The features are progressive cognitive decline along with fluctuation in alertness and attention, recurrent visual hallucinations and Parkinson motor symptoms. Frontotemporal Dementia is an umbrella term for diverse group of rare disorders that primarily affect the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. This form affects personality and behavior and individuals in the age group of 40 to 70 years old. Memory problems involving Alzheimer’s disease are not prominent in the early stages of Frontotemporal Dementia. Huntington Disease is caused by genetically programmed degeneration of brain cells called neurons; in particular areas of the brain, uncontrolled movement, loss of intellectual faculties and emotional distance are symptoms of this form of dementia. (alzinfo.org) Huntington disease is passed from parent to child through a mutation in the normal gene. Another form is Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus better known as “water on the Brain” which means too much fluid pressing on the brain. NPH can be caused without cause or by the condition that blocks flow of cerebrospinal fluid which enlarges the brain so it presses down on vessel causing damage and even destroying brain tissues but, this condition is treatable if diagnosed correctly. Individuals with Parkinson disease develop dementia...
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