3.1 - Compare a person-centred and a non-person-centred approach to dementia care:
Person centred care is is a method of providing care to people in which the individual as a unique person is emphasised, rather than focusing on the disease, its expected symptoms and challenges, and the lost abilities of the person. Person centred care explains that dementia is only a disease condition that affects the brain, but the person remains the the individual himself.
A person-centred approach changes the way we understand and respond to behaviours in dementia. Person-centred care looks at behaviours as a means of communication of needs for the person with dementia, and helps to figure out what unmet needs are causing the behaviours. It also enables the care provider to see the person with dementia as an individual with personal beliefs, abilities, life experiences and relationships.
Person centred care has proven to be effective in reducing challenging behaviours in people with dementia. Person centred care helps the client to easily respond to the care provided which in turn provides a better quality of life for dementia clients. Person centred care is all about treating the client as a normal human being rather than based on the behaviours the person displays. It is all about caring for the person rather than the illness.
Treatment and care should take into account patients' needs and preferences. People with dementia should have the opportunity to make informed decisions about their care and treatment, in partnership with their healthcare professionals. If patients do not have the capacity to make decisions, healthcare professionals should follow the Department of Health's advice on consent and the code of practice that accompanies the Mental Capacity Act. The views of people with dementia concerning who should and should not be involved in their care are important and should be