Delhi's Iconic Chandni Chowk

Topics: Chandni Chowk, Mughal Empire, Shah Jahan Pages: 9 (2683 words) Published: July 1, 2013
Chandni Chowk
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Coordinates: [pic]28.656°N 77.231°E
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Chandni Chowk, Delhi, 1858.
Chandni Chowk (चांदनी चौक)(Urdu: چاندنی چوک‎), originally meaning moonlit square or market, is one of the oldest and busiest markets in Old Delhi, now in central north Delhi, India. Built in 17th century by the great Muslim emperor of India Shah Jahan and designed by his daughterJahan Ara, the market was once divided by canals (now closed) to reflect moonlight, and it remains one of India's largest wholesale markets.[1]

It is a famous market known all over India. Google India helps Delhi's iconic Chandni Chowk market go online. They approached each of 2500 stores and even have opened common website for all the shops.[2] [3]

|Contents |
|  [hide]  |
|1 History |
|2 Overview |
|3 Chandni Chowk in Indian films |
|4 See also |
|5 Further reading |
|6 References |
|7 External links |

History [edit]

Chandni Chowk runs through the middle of the walled city, from the Lahori Darwaza (Lahore Gate) of the Red Fort to Fatehpuri Masjid. Originally, a canal ran through the middle of the street as a part of the water supply scheme. It was initially divided into three sections:[4]

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Jama Masjid, the iconic 17th-century mosque of Chandni Chowk • Lahori darwaza to Chowk Kotwali (near Gurdwara Shish Ganj): This section closest to the imperial residence, was called Urdu Bazar, i.e., the encampment market. The language Urdu got its name from this encampment. Ghalib noted the destruction of this market during the disturbances of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and its aftermath. • Chowk Kotwali to Chandni Chowk: The term Chandni Chowk originally referred to the square that had a reflecting pool. It was replaced by a clock-tower (Ghantaghar) that was damaged and demolished in the 1960s.[5][6] This section was originally called Johri Bazar. • 'Chandni Chowk' to Fatehpuri Masjid: This was called the Fatehpuri Bazar. It is said that moonlight reflecting on its canal earned it its name Chandni (Moonlit).[7]

Chandni Chowk was once the grandest of the markets in India.[8]

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Chandni Chowk, Delhi, 1863-67.
The Mughal imperial processions used to pass through Chandni Chowk. The tradition was continued when Delhi Durbar was held in 1903.

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Procession of the Emperor Bahadur Shah II, 1843
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Procession of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra as Emperor and Empress of India, 1903 Delhi Durbar Even though today Chandni Chowk appears choked with congestion, it retains its historical character. The following terms are generally used to describe the buildings and the streets:[9]

• Haveli: a mansion. A normal haveli would have a big courtyard (atrium) surrounded on four sides by spacious rooms and often another walled courtyard around the exterior as well. One of the largest preserved havelis in the area is the Chunnamal haveli. • Kucha: a zone with houses whose owners shared some common attribute, usually their occupation. Hence the names Maliwara, the gardeners' neighborhood andBallimaran, the oarsmen’s neighborhood. • Katra: refers to a separate wing of tradesmen and craftsmen belonging to the same trade. They usually lived and worked together. It is a system similar to the guild housing in Amsterdam.

Overview [edit]

The area lies in the historically important Shahjahanabad, between the Lal Qila (Red Fort) and Fatehpuri Masjid. On both sides of the wide...


References: Chandni Chowk, Delhi, 1863-67.
[pic]
Procession of the Emperor Bahadur Shah II, 1843
Procession of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra as Emperor and Empress of India, 1903 Delhi Durbar
Even though today Chandni Chowk appears choked with congestion, it retains its historical character
Jama Masjid, Delhi, 1852.
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