Delhi

Topics: Delhi, India, Mughal Empire Pages: 37 (11511 words) Published: April 7, 2013
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Not to be confused with New Delhi, the capital city of India. This article is about the National Capital Territory of India. For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). Delhi|
—  Federal district  —|
National Capital Territory of Delhi|
From top clockwise: Lotus temple, Humayun's Tomb, Connaught Place, Akshardham temple and India Gate.| DelhiLocation of Delhi in India.|
Coordinates: 28°36′36″N 77°13′48″ECoordinates: 28°36′36″N 77°13′48″E| Country| India|
Federal district| National Capital Territory|
Government|
 • Lt. Governor| Tejendra Khanna|
 • Chief Minister| Sheila Dikshit (INC)|
Area|
 • Federal district| 1,484.0 km2 (573.0 sq mi)|
 • Land| 159.0 km2 (61.4 sq mi)|
 • Water| 18.0 km2 (6.9 sq mi)|
Elevation| 0–125 m (0–409 ft)|
Population (2011)[1]|
 • Federal district| 11,007,835|
 • Rank| 2nd|
 • Density| 3,886/km2 (10,065/sq mi)|
 • Metro[2]| 16,314,838|
 • Metro rank| 2nd|
Demonym| Delhiite|
Time zone| Indian Standard Time (UTC+5.30)|
ZIP code(s)| 110001-110098, 1100xx|
Area code(s)| +91 11|
Spoken languages| Hindi, Urdu, English|
Ethnicity| Marwari, Bihari, Other|
Website| delhi.gov.in|
Delhi (/ˈdɛli/; pronounced Dillee in Hindi), officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT) that includes the Indian capital; is the second most populous metropolis of India after Mumbai. With a population of 16.3 million in 2011, the city is also the eighth most populous metropolis in the world.[2][3] The NCT and its urban region has been given the special status of National Capital Region (NCR) under the Indian constitution's 69th amendment act of 1991. There are nearly 22.2 million residents in the greater NCR urban area, which includes the neighboring cities of Baghpat, Gurgaon, Sonepat, Faridabad, Ghaziabad, Noida and Greater Noida along with other smaller nearby towns.[4] Delhi is known to have been continuously inhabited since 6th century BC.[5] Through most period of its history, Delhi has served as a capital of kingdoms and empires. It has been invaded, ransacked and rebuilt several times, particularly during the Medieval era, and therefore today's city of Delhi is a cluster of many capital cities scattered across the metropolitan region. Delhi is also widely believed to have been the site of Indraprastha (the legendary capital of the Pandavas during the times of the Mahabharata).[6] Delhi re-emerged as a major political, cultural and commercial city along the trade routes between northwest India and the Gangetic plain after the rise of the Delhi sultanates.[7][8] It houses many ancient and medieval monuments, archaeological sites and remains. In 1639 AD, the Mughal emperor Shahjahan built a new walled city in Delhi which served as a capital of the Mughal Empire from 1649 until 1857.[9][10] The British had captured Delhi by 1803 and George V announced in 1911 that the capital of British controlled parts of India would be Delhi.[11] So a new capital city, New Delhi, was built to the south of the old city during the 1920s.[12] When India gained independence from British rule in 1947, New Delhi was declared its capital and seat of government. The name Delhi is often also used to include urban areas near the NCT, as well as to refer to New Delhi, the capital of India, which lies within the metropolis. Although technically a federally administered union territory, the political administration of the NCT of Delhi today more closely resembles that of a state of India with its own legislature, high court and an executive council of ministers headed by a Chief Minister. New Delhi, jointly administered by both the federal Government of India and the local Government of Delhi, is also the capital of the NCT of Delhi. Contents * 1 Etymology and idioms * 2 History * 3...

References: 2. ^ a b "Urban agglomerations/cities having population 1 million and above" (PDF). Provisional population totals, census of India 2011. Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. 2011. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
* Karamchandani, L.T (1968). India, the beautiful. Sita Publication. "... According to available evidence the present Delhi, spelt in Hindustani as Dehli or Dilli, derived its name from King ..."
* The National geographical journal of India, Volume 40
4. ^ "World Urbanization Prospects: The 2009 Revision Population Database". United Nations. 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
5. ^ a b Asher, Catherine B (2000) [2000]. "Chapter 9:Delhi walled: Changing Boundaries". In James D. Tracy. City Walls. Cambridge University Press. pp. 247–281. ISBN 0-521-65221-9. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
6. ^ a b c d e f g h "Chapter 1: Introduction" (PDF). Economic Survey of Delhi, 2005–2006. Planning Department, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi. pp. 1–7. Retrieved 21 December 2006.
7. ^ Necipoglu, Gulru (2002) [2002]. "Epigraphs, Scripture, and Architecture in the Early Sultanate of Delhi". Muqarnas: An Annual on the Visual Culture of the Islamic World. BRILL. pp. 12–43. ISBN 90-04-12593-0. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
8. ^ Aitken, Bill (2001) [2002]. Speaking Stones: World Cultural Heritage Sites in India. Eicher Goodearth Limited. ISBN 81-87780-00-2. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
9. ^ The Encyclopedia Americana: A Library of Universal Knowledge. 8. Encyclopedia Americana Corp. 1918. p. 621. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
10. ^ Sehgal, R.L. (1998) [1998]. Slum Upgradation: Emerging Issue & Policy Implication 's. Bookwell Publications. p. 97. ISBN 81-85040-18-4. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
12. ^ Vale, Lawrence J. (1992). Architecture, power, and national identity. Yale University Press. pp. 88–100. ISBN 030004958. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
13. ^ Bakshi, S.R. (1995) [2002]. Delhi Through Ages. p. 2. ISBN 81-7488-138-7.
14. ^ a b Smith, George (1882). The Geography of British India, Political & Physical. J. Murray. pp. 216–217. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
17. ^ Cohen, Richard J. (October–December 1989). "An Early Attestation of the Toponym Dhilli". Journal of the American Oriental Society 109 (4): 513–519. doi:10.2307/604073. JSTOR 604073.
19. ^ Delhi City The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 11, p. 236..
20. ^ "Why developers charge a premium for upper storeys in Delhi/NCR region". Economic Times. 5 August 2011. Retrieved May 30, 2012.
21. ^ John Murray (1924). A handbook for travellers in India, Burma and Ceylon. J. Murray, 1924. "... "Dilli hanoz dur ast" ("Delhi is still far off")— has passed into the currency of a proverb ..."
22
23. ^ India today, Volume 31, Issues 13–25. Thomson Living Media India Ltd., 2006. 2006. "... As the saying in Hindustani goes: "Dilli dilwalon ki (Delhi belongs to those with a heart)". So shed your inhibitions and try out your hand ..."
24
25. ^ Arnold Silcock; alt=The black coloured Iron pillar against the sky (reprinted 2003). Wrought iron and its decorative use: with 241 illustrations. Mineola, N.Y: Dover. p. 4. ISBN 0-486-42326-3.
26. ^ Petersen, Andrew (1999). Dictionary of Islamic Architecture. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-21332-0. Retrieved 14 November 2008.
31. ^ "Genocide: a history". W. D. Rubinstein (2004). p.28. ISBN 0-582-50601-8
32
40. ^ Gordon, Stewart. The Marathas 1600–1818, Volume 2. Cambridge University Press, 1993. ISBN 978-0-521-26883-7.
41. ^ Mayaram, Shail. Against history, against state: counterperspectives from the margins Cultures of history. Columbia University Press, 2003. ISBN 978-0-231-12731-8.
42. ^ "Lutyens ' Delhi in race for UN heritage status". Hindustan Times. June 11, 2012. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
45. ^ a b "THE CONSTITUTION (SIXTY-NINTH AMENDMENT) ACT, 1991". Government of India. National Informatics Centre, Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, Government of India. Retrieved 8 January 2007.
48. ^ Tripathi, Rahul (14 September 2008). "Serial blasts rock Delhi; 30 dead, 90 injured-India-The Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 3 November 2008.
49. ^ "Introduction". THE NEW DELHI MUNICIPAL COUNCIL ACT, 1994. New Delhi Municipal Council. Retrieved 3 July 2007.
50. ^ The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (Fourth ed.). Houghton Mifflin Company. 2000.
60. ^ Kurian, Vinson (28 June 2005). "Monsoon reaches Delhi two days ahead of schedule". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 9 January 2007.
64. ^ "Table 3.1: Delhi Last 10 Years (1991–2001) — Administrative Set Up" (PDF). Economic Survey of India. Retrieved 3 July 2007.
69. ^ "Police and the Constitution". The Hindu. November 20, 2001. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
74. ^ "Government of NCT of Delhi". Indian Government. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
75. ^ "Chapter 2: State Income" (PDF). Economic Survey of Delhi, 2005–06. Planning Department, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi. pp. 8–16.
76. ^ a b c d "Chapter 5: Employment and Unemployment" (PDF). Economic Survey of Delhi, 2005–06. Planning Department, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi. pp. 59–65.
78. ^ "Chapter 9: Industrial Development" (PDF). Economic Survey of Delhi, 2005–06. Planning Department, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi. pp. 94–107.
80. ^ a b "Chapter 13: Water Supply and Sewerage" (PDF). Economic Survey of Delhi, 2005–2006. Planning Department, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi. pp. 147–162. Retrieved 21 December 2006.
81. ^ Joshi, Sandeep (19 June 2006). "MCD developing new landfill site". Chennai, India: The Hindu. Retrieved 19 December 2006.
83. ^ "Chapter 11: Energy" (PDF). Economic Survey of Delhi, 2005–06. Planning Department, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi. pp. 117–129. Retrieved 21 December 2006.
90. ^ a b "Mecca for young aviators". Hindustan Times. September 23, 2011.
91. ^ "Ministries in row over Safdarjung Airport land". The Times of India. Apr 13, 2011.
95. ^ a b c d e "Chapter 12: Transport" (PDF). Economic Survey of Delhi, 2005–2006. Planning Department, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi. pp. 130–146. Retrieved 21 December 2006.
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